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The difficulty of switching from aDducted chest to aDducted falsetto can be explained physiologically.
Voice quality Cartilaginous Membranous adduction medialization aBducted falsetto -- -- aDducted falsetto ++ -- aBducted chest -- ++ aDducted chest ++
For a sweep back angle of 0[degrees] (as used in the present study), the model with abducted thumb seemed to be advantageous for generating lift force, whereas for a sweep back angle of 180[degrees] (the little finger as the leading edge), the adducted thumb seemed preferable.
Although some differences in the results of different studies, it seems that when the thumb leads the motion (sweep back angle of 0[degrees]) a hand position with the thumb abducted into the plane of the hand would be preferable to an adducted thumb position.
When analyzing the resultant force coefficient, we found that the position with the thumb abducted presented higher values than the positions with the thumb partially abducted and adducted at angles of attack of 0[degrees] and 45[degrees].
The position with the thumb adducted presented slightly higher values of drag coefficient when compared with the positions with the thumb abducted (although values were very similar).
The combination of drag and lift coefficient (resultant force coefficient) showed that the position with the thumb fully abducted presented higher values than the positions with the thumb partially abducted and adducted at angles of attack of 0[degrees] and 45[degrees].
Adducted proteins identified from incubation of rat olfactory ethmoturbinate with [.
Finally, we determined the specific activity of adducted protein for each sample by scintillation counting and a protein assay (Bradford 1976).
The specific activities of adducted proteins (nanomoles bound per milligram protein) generated in in vitro incubations of nasal epithelium from rats or rhesus macaques varied from 1.
We identified a large number of adducted proteins after incubation of rat nasal olfactory epithelium with naphthalene (Table 1).