adaptive immune system


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Related to adaptive immune system: Innate immune system

adaptive immune system

n.
The component of the vertebrate immune system involving lymphocytes (B cells and T cells) containing a small number of genetically encoded proteins that combine to produce an enormous variety of proteins capable of recognizing and deactivating specific antigens.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here, we propose a role for the adaptive immune system in mediating chronic pathologies of brain injury.
IgG is a "memory" antibody; it is normal for the adaptive immune system to make IgG antibodies to foreign proteins, and IgG antibodies to a food is a sign of a normal adaptive immune system.
The expanded glossary below presents the main features of and mechanisms and players in the innate and adaptive immune systems that are relevant to this special issue of Alcohol Research: Current Reviews.
However, the common scenario for severe allergic reactions are those mediated by the antibody IgE in conjunction with mast cells and basophils, following activation of both the innate and adaptive immune systems. People who display a tendency toward allergy (eg asthma, eczema, hay fever or food allergies) are referred to as atopic individuals.
A vaccine is designed to stimulate the adaptive immune system before you're exposed to the virus and bacteria so when you do encounter it, specialized T and B cells already exist, ready to spring into action before the pathogen can make you sick.
Excelimmune's antibody therapies harness the diversity and effectiveness of the human body's adaptive immune system. Excelimmune, founded in 2006, is a private company located in Woburn, MA.
This is particularly relevant to understanding the origins of the unique and well-studied adaptive immune system of jawed vertebrates.
The adaptive immune system discussed above is fundamentally a reactive, second line defense against pathogens.
On the other hand, the cat's adaptive immune system deploys cells that are specifically designed to counteract certain antigens--and it has a memory.
There is mounting evidence that moderate exercise raises white blood cell count and can improve one's adaptive immune system. For example, higher levels of infection-fighting interferons were discovered in moderately trained cross country skiers in a 2001 study examined in the Jan/Feb Running & FitNews.
In normal circumstances the innate response would abate as the adaptive immune system takes over.
Bempegaldesleukin is designed to activate the adaptive immune system to expand and proliferate these specific cancer-fighting T cells in the tumor microenvironment.

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