adaptive immune system


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Related to adaptive immune system: Innate immune system

adaptive immune system

n.
The component of the vertebrate immune system involving lymphocytes (B cells and T cells) containing a small number of genetically encoded proteins that combine to produce an enormous variety of proteins capable of recognizing and deactivating specific antigens.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a useful addition to a class when placed before a discussion of the adaptive immune system as it foreshadows concepts such as antibody, phagocytes, and B cells, and reinforces the concept that the innate immune system acts so that the adaptive immune system has to work less.
But rather than prompting the adaptive immune system to launch a response likely to eliminate the infection, IL-18 did the opposite.
Our mission is to change the course of medicine through sequencing a patient's adaptive immune system.
This breakthrough technology enables in-depth characterization of the adaptive immune system, which is the primary defense against cancer.
16, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Adaptive Biotechnologies, a clinical stage diagnostics company that leverages Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) to profile the adaptive immune system, is pleased to announce the appointment of Brian Hansen as Chief Commercial Officer (CCO).
In an outline format, they explain antigens and receptors, the innate and adaptive immune systems, and clinical aspects of immunity, including immune deficiency, autoimmunity, transplantation, and pharmacotherapy.
Comparison of the properties of the innate and adaptive immune systems Innate immunity Adaptive immunity * First line in host defence * Second line in host defence * Generally lacks specificity * Highly specific for a particular pathogen i.
The company's technology platforms include Toll-like Receptor signaling and T-cell targeting to modulate both the innate and adaptive immune systems, technologies that enable the creation of advanced drug candidates that stimulate or suppress the immune system via disease-specific targeting.
Introductory chapters cover the basic functioning of innate and adaptive immune systems, while later ones discuss such topics as immune deficiency, allergies, autoimmunity, and transplantation.
The adaptive immune systems of 10 competitive cross-country skiers were recently compared to 10 moderately trained skiers and 10 untrained healthy controls.
CD40 is considered the interface between the innate and adaptive immune systems and regulates the crosstalk between T cells and antigen presenting cells, both of which are essential to activate a tumor-specific immune response.
In contrast, people and other jawed vertebrates brandish adaptive immune systems.

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