Meanwhile, overexpression of diacylglycerol acyltransferases
(DGATs) has been shown to increase oil content in Arabidopsis (Jako et al.
Their topics include influences of maternal diet and exercise on obesity and insulin, alcohol and DNA methylation, the epigenetic regulation of cellular responses toward vitamin D, dietary effects on adipocyte metabolism and epigenetics, and the regulation of histone acyltransferases
and deacetylases by bioactive food compounds for the prevention of chronic diseases.
There is no significant sequence homology between PGAP2 and known acyltransferases
, and the issue of whether PGAP2 is the acyltransferase
itself or a regulatory protein remains to be determined.
and transacylases involved in fatty acid remodeling of phospholipids and metabolism of bioactive lipids in mammalian cells.
Carnitine, acetylcarnitine and the activity of carnitine acyltransferases
in seminal plasma and spermatozoa of men, rams and rats.
Sightless has homology to transmembrane acyltransferases
and is required to generate active hedgehog protein.
The authors observed no systematic differences in TRI-mediated induction of hepatic PPAR[alpha] target genes; however, TRI significantly increased expression of triglyceride (TG)-synthesizing enzymes, diacylglicerol acyltransferases
, and PPAR[gamma] in Ppar[alpha]-null and hPPAR[alpha] mice, which may account for the increased TG in their livers.
Effect of carboxylic acid xenobiotics and their metabolites on the activity of carnitine acyltransferases
Candidate enzymes and metabolic processes that could conceivably play a role in accounting for the finding of low levels of TFAs in the serum phospholipids of the Fulani include: chylomicron synthesis and secretion in the intestine, the specificity of lipoprotein lipase, the specificity of transporters that facilitate the uptake of fatty acids across the plasma membrane of cells, the activity of acyltransferases
involved in synthesis of triglycerides, and the rate at which TFAs are oxidized by the various beta-oxidation pathways.
The first section, on improvement of agronomic and microbial traits, contains 11 papers on areas such as molecular strategies for enhancing seed oil content, engineering biosynthesis of alpha-eleostearic acid in transgenic systems, cloning and characterization of Kennedy pathway acyltransferases
from developing seeds of tung, and accumulation of epoxy fatty acids in plant oils.
napus seed oil compared with the seed oil of the transgene source Bay tree is partly due to the differences between the Brassica and the native Bay acyltransferases
The biochemical activation of genotoxic carcinogens involves the cytochrome P450 system, phase II enzymes, such as sulfotransferases or acyltransferases
, and some halogenated compounds, GSH transferases.