acylation


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to acylation: alkylation

acylation

 [a″sĭ-la´shun]
introduction of an acyl radical into the molecule of a compound.

ac·yl·a·tion

(as'i-lā'shŭn),
Introduction of an acyl radical into an organic compound or formation of such a radical within an organic compound.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cianflone, "Chylomicron-specific enhancement of acylation stimulating protein and precursor protein C3 production in differentiated human adipocytes," The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
Initially, in order to determine optimal polymerization reaction conditions, the influences of catalyst quantity, Lewis base quantity, and monomer concentration on the inherent viscosity of the polymer were examined by the Friedel-Crafts acylation of IPC with a mixture of 70 mol% BPOBBP and 30 mol% DPODPS in DCE using anhydrous aluminum chloride as a catalyst and NMP as a Lewis base and the results are listed in Table 1.
Analogously, acylation of amino thiazoles (1a-b) with a number of acid chlorides (7a-e) and with glutaric anhydride (9) afforded amides (8a-h) and carboxamide derivative (10), respectively, as shown in Scheme-2.
Methylation and acylation. The extracted catecholamines were aliquoted to duplicate tubes coated with Bolton-Hunter acylation reagent (16), and the supplied methylation reagent (rat liver catechol-O-methyltransferase with S-adenosylmethionine as the coenzyme) was added.
Key Words: Mass spectrometry, Regiospecificity of acylation, Mono-acetyl insulin, Mono-dodecanoyl (lauryl) insulin.
Acylated chitosans were prepared via acylation with short acyl groups such as butyryl and hexanoyl and also medium acyl groups included octanoyl and decanoyl onto low molecular weight chitosan (25 kDa).
Many think that the acylation of native starch from different cassava varieties will create unique functional properties of the modified starches produced, such as altered solubility, swelling power, viscosity and resistance to syneresis.
Beta-lactamase complexes will be studied computationally using MD, with QM/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) approaches used to simulate the acylation and deacylation stages of the reaction.
Ghrelin is mainly produced and secreted by A-like cells within the oxyntic glands of the stomach (Shi et al., 2017), and the acylation is essential for ghrelin's activity through the GHSR (Nishi et al., 2011).
While some variation exists between species, particularly with regards to acylation, the Raetz pathway, especially the 4 of the first 5 enzymes, is well conserved in Gram-negative bacteria, excluding specialized species that do not produce LPS [17, 19].
Acylation of CS was found to be able to effectively improve the performance of antibacterial materials.
Percentage of acylation was calculated using the following formula: 100 * AG/(AG + UAG).