acyl

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Related to acyl group: choline

acyl

 [a´sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid by removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group.

ac·yl

(as'il),
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

[ā′sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid via removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group. It is represented as R-CO-.

ac·yl

(as'il)
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

1. an organic radical derived from a fatty acid by removal of the hydroxyl group.
2. generic term for fatty acid groups.

acyl carrier protein
ACP; a carrier protein molecule which is part of the fatty acid synthesizing enzyme complex in non-mammalian systems and which carries acyl groups.
acyl CoA
thioester of coenzyme A and a fatty acid of unspecified, but usually more than 14 carbon length.
acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
lack of the first enzyme of beta-oxidation, acyl CoA dehydrogenase, a flavoprotein which catalyzes the removal of two hydrogens from the acyl chain.
References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly as in the very low-esterified MERO-CMC derivative (23), only the carbon peak substituted by acyl groups (C6e) at 65.
Further studies about the effect of type and proportion of fatty acyl groups on the emulsifying and associative properties of the CMC derivatives will be the subject of future investigations.
However, it was also demonstrated that the acyl-carnitine pool could act as a source of acyl groups, via the CoA pool, for the incorporation into lipids when energy, required to activate free fatty acids, is limited (23).
Since carnitine is a vehicle by which the acyl groups can leave the mitochondria and there is equilibrium between acylcarnitines and their respective CoA thioesters, the analysis of carnitine and acylcarnitines in blood is approximately equivalent to the analysis of acyl-CoAs in the mitochondria.
Measurement of GALC activity with a series of substrates that differed in the lengths of their fatty acyl groups revealed that C8:0 ceramide gives fivefold higher activity than substrates containing ceramides with the longer chain fatty acids found in natural ceramides (12), a factor that was important in our ability to detect GALC in dried blood spots.
Major fatty acyl groups found in peanut oil are palmitate (10%), a saturated fatty acid, oleate (36-67%), a monounsaturated fatty acid, and linoleate (15-43)% that contains a second double bond.
However it was also demonstrated that the acyl-carnitine pool could act as a source of acyl groups, via the CoA pool, for the incorporation into lipids when energy, required to activate free fatty acids, is limited (23).
Cardiolipin (CL) [1] is a unique phospholipid with a dimeric structure (diphosphatidylglycerol) that contains four acyl groups and carries two negative charges.