acyl CoA

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

acyl CoA

/ac·yl CoA/ (a´sil ko-a´) acyl coenzyme A.


1. an organic radical derived from a fatty acid by removal of the hydroxyl group.
2. generic term for fatty acid groups.

acyl carrier protein
ACP; a carrier protein molecule which is part of the fatty acid synthesizing enzyme complex in non-mammalian systems and which carries acyl groups.
acyl CoA
thioester of coenzyme A and a fatty acid of unspecified, but usually more than 14 carbon length.
acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
lack of the first enzyme of beta-oxidation, acyl CoA dehydrogenase, a flavoprotein which catalyzes the removal of two hydrogens from the acyl chain.
References in periodicals archive ?
Species differences in response to peroxisome proliferators: increasing human PPAR alpha expression levels in human cells is not sufficient for fatty acyl CoA oxidase responsiveness.
The peroxisome proliferator (PP) response element upstream of the human acyl CoA oxidase gene is inactive among a sample human population: significance for species differences in response to PPs.
PPAR[Alpha]s from all of these species had similar binding affinities for rat acyl CoA oxidase (ACO) PPRE and comparable activities in reporter gene assays, indicating their functional similarity.