The patients were categorized as cyanotic or acyanotic
on the basis of echocardiography and presence or absence of cyanosis.
Isolated ventricular septal defect was highest acyanotic
CHD with 44.1%, while tetralogy of Fallot was highest with 14.3% in cyanotic group.
The study said most of the documented birth abnormalities were Down's Syndrome (15.2 per cent); congenital hydrocephalus (14.3 per cent); acyanotic
congenital heart defect (13.4 per cent); deformity of the digits (11.6 per cent ), and ventricular septal defect (8.9 per cent).
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is common acyanotic
congenital heart disease with reported incidence of about 10% of congenital heart diseases and secundum type ASDs are most common, accounting for about 70%1,2.
Of these, 38 (54.28%) had cyanotic CHD while 32 (45.71%) had acyanotic
This was a singlecentre, retrospective study, with some missing data and a smaller sample size than what was used in the TRIPICU study, which limits its external validity Defining the severity of subjects' illness was challenging and our definition of haemodynamic stability did not match that of the TRIPICU study, nor was a distinction made between cyanotic or acyanotic
It was reported that patients who received treatment for congestive heart disease and who had acyanotic
heart disease requiring cardiac surgery and pulmonary hypertension would benefit markedly from prophylaxis.
While pregnant patients with EA are usually acyanotic
, those with interatrial shunting can develop shunt reversal and cyanosis in pregnancy.
The patients were classified into two groups as cyanotic and acyanotic
. The groups were examined in terms of age, gender, demographic features, additional risk factors, exposure to smoke, living with school-aged siblings, having received palivizumab prophylaxis dose, hospitalization time, causative pathogen and complications.
Yilmaz, "Malnutrition and growth failure in cyanotic and acyanotic
congenital heart disease with and without pulmonary hypertension," Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol.
In the physical examination, she was cachectic, acyanotic
, ill, and tachypneic with respiratory distress.
Pattern of CHD was 88.9% cases of acyanotic
CHD and 11.1% cases of cyanotic CHD.