acute retroviral syndrome

Also found in: Acronyms.

acute retroviral syndrome

The period of initial infection with HIV when the virus first replicates, often causing a flulike or mononucleosis-like syndrome, and typically lasting for 2 to 4 weeks.

Acute retroviral syndrome

A group of symptoms resembling mononucleosis that often are the first sign of HIV infection in 50-70% of all patients and 45-90% of women.
Mentioned in: AIDS
References in periodicals archive ?
Patient A had a 6-day history of rash, fever, and sore throat suggestive of acute retroviral syndrome at the time of examination.
The development of acute retroviral syndrome typically coincides with high levels of viraemia and the host's initial immunological response.
However, both experienced viral rebound--one at 12 weeks after stopping ART and one at 32 weeks--with both developing the usual symptoms of acute retroviral syndrome, according to a paper published online.
The most commonly used rapid HIV test often results in a false-negative during the earliest and most contagious stages of HIV infection, known as acute retroviral syndrome, or ARS, according to a pediatric infectious-disease specialist at Johns Hopkins Children's Center.
Evolution of symptoms of the acute retroviral syndrome usually coincides with high levels of viraemia and the host's initial immunological response.
Acute retroviral syndrome developed in an inmate in a detention center after he had intercourse with 2 HIV-infected inmates.
Of the 23 patients, 9 have had no symptoms of HIV infection; others developed acute retroviral syndrome.
The bottom line seems to be that early treatment preserves the immune system's defenses against HIV only if it is started during the earliest moments of that infection, preferably during acute retroviral syndrome.
Two patients developed an acute retroviral syndrome with pharyngitis, fever, and high viral loads, but they responded when treatment was continued.
None of the patients were started on antiretroviral therapy during the acute retroviral syndrome phase of PHI, which is currently recommended in US treatment guidelines.

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