It is estimated that between 40% and 90% of patients with AHI experience an acute retroviral syndrome
Although symptoms of acute retroviral syndrome develop in up to 89% of persons newly infected with HIV (3), the timely recognition and diagnosis of primary HIV infection and initiation of antiretroviral treatment before HIV seroconversion have rarely been reported from a correctional facility.
Acute retroviral syndrome and primary HIV infection may be frequently unsuspected by the evaluating clinician because the signs and symptoms are relatively nonspecific.
Diagnosis of acute retroviral syndrome
is important to individual patients as well as to public health.
Two patients developed an acute retroviral syndrome
with pharyngitis, fever, and high viral loads.
Subsequent laboratory testing will confirm that David has acute retroviral syndrome, which accompanies primary HIV infection (PHI), also known as acute HIV infection.
Once the acute retroviral syndrome has resolved, the potential benefits of an accurate PHI diagnosis resolve with it.
1) It is also known as acute HIV syndrome, acute HIV illness, seroconversion illness, or acute retroviral syndrome.
Dorrucci M, Rezza G, Vlahov D, et al: clinical characteristics and prognostic value of acute retroviral syndrome among injecting drug users.