acute pharyngitis


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acute pharyngitis

Inflammation of the pharynx with pain in the throat.

Symptoms

Symptoms include malaise, fever, dysphagia, throat pain, and difficulty swallowing.

Patient care

Comfort measures for sore throat include gargling (e.g., with salty water), throat lozenges, or OTC topical anesthetics. Many patients benefit from rest, hydration, and analgesics. An appropriate antibiotic (if prescribed) is given when there is evidence of bacterial infection.

See also: pharyngitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: The prevalence of Group A beta haemolytic Streptococcus as a cause of acute pharyngitis was 25.3%.
Clinicians' management of children and adolescents with acute pharyngitis. Pediatrics.
Acute pharyngitis is one of the more common conditions encountered in office practice, accounting for 2% of all ambulatoryvisits in the United States.
For the indications of acute bronchitis, acute pharyngitis, and otitis media, prescription rates among children decreased by 0.15, 0.13, and 0.25 prescriptions/1000 population/day, respectively, between 1996 and 2007 (Figure 2).
Top Ten Reasons for Pediatric Visits Routine child health exams 22.9% Ear infections 6.6% Acute Upper Respiratory Infections 4.6% Acute pharyngitis 3.4% ADD 3.2% Asthma 2.8% Chronic Sinusitis 2.4% Vaccine for a bacterial disease 2.3% Streptococcal throat 1.9% Allergic rhinitis 1.9% (Based on 156.981 diagnoses for visits January-September, 2007 Pediatric News, 12/07
Pediatric medicine patients presenting with acute pharyngitis or sinusitis were most frequently attended by PAs/NPs (23.8 percent and 22.4 percent of visits for these conditions, respectively), asthma (16.1 percent) least frequently.
This was believed to be a clinically important competence because group C streptococci are isolated from a significant number of individuals with acute pharyngitis, (3,4) are not associated with preventable secondary consequences such as rheumatic fever, and hence do not need to be treated with antibiotics.
For AFDC adults, they include acute pharyngitis, urinary tract infection, and essential hypertension.
Accordingly, manufacturers are focusing on strategies for diagnosis of acute pharyngitis infections.