acute hydrocephalus

acute hydrocephalus

A disturbance of formation, flow, or absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that leads to increased fluid volume in the central nervous system, which develops over a period of a few days.

Clinical findings
Headache, nausea, vomiting, papilloedema, drowsiness, loss of consciousness, and coma which, if untreated, may lead to uncal and/or cerebellar tonsillar herniation and death.

Management
Cerebral shunting of CSF to other body cavities for absorption—e.g.,ventriculo-peritoneal, ventriculo-atrial shunt or ventriculo-pleural shunt.
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors report the first known case Foix-Chavany-Marie Syndrome immediately after development of symptomatic acute hydrocephalus that reversed slowly after ventriculoperitoneal shunting.
She was found to have acute hydrocephalus without any pathology noted on MRI (Fig.
Lateral and third ventricle dilation, consistent with acute hydrocephalus, was noted (Figure 1, panel B).
The intracranial pressure rose as the swelling blocked the flow of CSF resulting in acute hydrocephalus and coma.
4) MRI findings consistent with hydrocephalus in small animal patients include ventriculomegaly, ventricular asymmetry, subarachnoid space dilatation, and, in cases of acute hydrocephalus, periventricular edema.
Severe adherence is related to age, poor neurological status, vasospasm, presence of acute hydrocephalus, CSF infections, necessity of EVD, rebleeding and most importantly intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) (3).
Initially, a CT scan was performed and revealed a left temporal lobe intra cranial bleed and acute hydrocephalus.
ACT scan demonstrated extensive SAH in the basilar cisterns and Sylvian fissures bilaterally, as well as evidence of acute hydrocephalus (Fig 3, Fig 4).
LD was admitted to the intensive care unit, where she was intubated; an EVD was immediately placed to manage acute hydrocephalus.
Two of these deaths also occurred unexpectedly before diagnosis; both resulted from acute hydrocephalus caused by an obstructing cyst on the 4th ventricle.
Acute hydrocephalus occurs over a period of days to weeks.

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