acute heart failure
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Related to acute heart failure: acute congestive heart failure
acute heart failureA rapid decline in heart function that requires emergency medical care, including immediate hospitalisation and IV drugs to decreased vascular resistance, stabilising the heart, improving circulation, strengthening the heart pump and restoring normal breathing.
AHF is the clinical end-stage of 2 different situations:
(1) heart failure in a previously asymptomatic patient hospitalised for severe, life-threatening pulmonary oedema and/or cardiogenic shock due to a sudden injury/event (e.g., acute MI); or
(2) more commonly (up to 90%), so-called acute heart failure occurs in patients experiencing an acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure, which may or may not have been previously diagnosed.