acute heart failure


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Related to acute heart failure: acute congestive heart failure

acute heart failure

A rapid decline in heart function that requires emergency medical care, including immediate hospitalisation and IV drugs to decreased vascular resistance, stabilising the heart, improving circulation, strengthening the heart pump and restoring normal breathing.
 
AHF is the clinical end-stage of 2 different situations:
(1) heart failure in a previously asymptomatic patient hospitalised for severe, life-threatening pulmonary oedema and/or cardiogenic shock due to a sudden injury/event (e.g., acute MI); or
(2) more commonly (up to 90%), so-called acute heart failure occurs in patients experiencing an acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure, which may or may not have been previously diagnosed.

Acute Heart Failure

Cardiology A rapid, high-risk decline in heart function that requires emergency medical care, including immediate hospitalization and IV drugs to decrease vascular resistance, stabilize the heart, improve circulation, strengthen the heart pump and restore normal breathing. AHF is the clinical end-stage of 2 different situations: (1) heart failure in a previously asymptomatic patient hospitalised for severe, life-threatening pulmonary oedema and/or cardiogenic shock due to a sudden injury/event—e.g., acute MI; (2) more commonly—up to 90% of so-called AHFs occur in patients experiencing an acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure, which may or may not have been previously diagnosed.
References in periodicals archive ?
He concluded: Overall, these trials suggest that short-term interventions may not influence long-term outcomes in the heterogeneous acute heart failure population, even using individualised and aggressive dosing strategies as applied in this trial.
Presentation blood glucose and death, hospitalization, and future diabetes risk in patients with acute heart failure syndromes.
Landsberg et al., "Use of procalcitonin for the diagnosis of pneumonia in patients presenting with a chief complaint of dyspnoea: results from the BACH (Biomarkers in Acute Heart Failure) trial," European Journal of Heart Failure, vol.
In patients with acute MI with AKI, in-hospital complications have been reported as atrial fibrillation 25%, ventricular tachycardia 16%, brady arrhythmias 11%, acute heart failure 42%, cardiogenic shock 26%, and major bleeding 14%.2
Conclusion: Hypertension, valvular heart disease and a trial fibrillation is more commonly present in acute heart failure patients with preserved EF.
Among cases 11 cases were acute heart failure and their median value was 2294 pg/mL.
Diuretics have their good and bad image but they are the main stay of therapy in acute heart failure. He also referred to symptoms of dyspnea and edema.
Patients with acute heart failure usually either have uncontrolled HTN with acute pulmonary congestion requiring vasodilator therapy or have hypotension, usually due to an intrinsic cardiac problem requiring inotropic support and/or mechanical assistance.
Since the patient did not have extensive comorbidities and was relatively young, a thorough workup was done to identify the cause of his acute heart failure. He had a history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyper-lipidemia all of which were appropriately managed in the outpatient setting.
In addition, several subjects with acute heart failure (AHF), major arrhythmias, high-risk pulmonary embolism, or other acute cardiac conditions need intensive care as well [4].
The results were presented recently at Heart Failure 2016 and the Third World Congress on Acute Heart Failure held in Italy.

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