acute glomerulonephritis


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a·cute glo·mer·u·lo·ne·phri·tis

glomerulonephritis that frequently occurs as a late complication of pharyngitis or skin infection, due to a nephritogenic strain of β-hemolytic streptococci, characterized by abrupt onset of hematuria, edema of the face, oliguria, and variable azotemia and hypertension; the renal glomeruli usually show cellular proliferation or infiltration by polymorphonuclear leukocytes.

acute glomerulonephritis

A nonspecific term for acute glomerular inflammation.
 
Clinical findings
Sudden onset of haematuria, proteinuria, and red blood cell casts in the urine, often accompanied by hypertension, oedema, azotemia (decreased glomerular filtration rate) and sodium and water retention.

Aetiology
Streptococcal infection, SLE, syphilis, bacterial endocarditis, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, sepsis, vasculitis, Goodpasture syndrome, typhoid fever, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, hepatitis, viral infection—e.g., mumps, measles, infectious mononucleosis.

acute glomerulonephritis

Acute nephritic syndrome Nephrology A nonspecific term for acute glomerular inflammation Etiology Streptococcal infection, SLE, syphilis, bacterial endocarditis, sepsis, vasculitis, Goodpasture syndrome, typhoid fever, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, hepatitis, viral infection–eg, mumps, measles, infectious mononucleosis

a·cute glo·mer·u·lo·ne·phri·tis

(ă-kyūt glō-meryū-lō-nef-rītis)
Glomerulonephritis that frequently occurs as a late complication of pharyngitis or skin infection, due to a nephritogenic strain of β-hemolytic streptococci, characterized by abrupt onset of hematuria, edema of the face, oliguria, and variable azotemia and hypertension.

a·cute glo·mer·u·lo·ne·phri·tis

(ă-kyūt glō-meryū-lō-nef-rītis)
Glomerulonephritis that frequently occurs as a late complication of pharyngitis or skin infection, characterized by abrupt onset of hematuria, edema of the face, oliguria, and variable azotemia and hypertension.
References in periodicals archive ?
In acute glomerulonephritis, early diagnosis and close monitoring and ensuring fluid-elecrolyte balance may be sufficient to prevent potential negative outcomes.
Ichiba, "Acute thrombocytopenia associated with poststreptococcal acute glomerulonephritis," Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol.
In Brights writings, one finds a remarkably accurate clinical description of acute glomerulonephritis: "A child, or an adult, is affected with scarlatina ...
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome occurs as a result of increased blood pressure or endothelial damage which is observed in relation with acute glomerulonephritis, HSP, lupus, nephrotic syndrome or immunosupressive drug usage which lead to disruption of the blood-brain barrier (4).
Conclusively, PRES should be primarily considered in the differential diagnosis when complaints including severe headache, seizure, visal disturbance or loss of consciousness are observed in children in presence of acute glomerulonephritis, lupus and nephrotic syndrome and therapies directed to reduce blood pressure should be administered as soon as possible by completing imaging investigations including diffusion MRI.
(1) Acute glomerulonephritis is a pathological process that may be manifested by acute nephritic syndrome, nephrotic syndrome or Rapidly Proliferative Glomerulonephritis (RPGN).
In South Africa (SA) the three most common causes of AKI in older children are haemolytic uraemic syndrome (35%), acute tubular necrosis (31%) and acute glomerulonephritis (GN) (16%), whereas 39% of AKI is caused by acute gastroenteritis and nephrotic syndrome in Nigeria, [5] and 26% was reported to be due to sepsis and malaria.
We read with interest the recent case report on 'Plasmodium vivax with acute glomerulonephritis in an 8-year old' by Sanghai et al (1), and have the following comments to offer:
INTRODUCTION: Acute glomerulonephritis (GMN) results from either the primary renal disease or secondary to the systemic illnesses.
HUS is usually characterised by oligoanuric renal failure similar to acute glomerulonephritis, but the outcome is guarded.
Renal manifestations described in falciparum malaria have mainly been in the form of electrolyte disturbances, acute tubular necrosis, interstitial nephritis, acute glomerulonephritis and acute renal failure.

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