acute glomerulonephritis


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a·cute glo·mer·u·lo·ne·phri·tis

glomerulonephritis that frequently occurs as a late complication of pharyngitis or skin infection, due to a nephritogenic strain of β-hemolytic streptococci, characterized by abrupt onset of hematuria, edema of the face, oliguria, and variable azotemia and hypertension; the renal glomeruli usually show cellular proliferation or infiltration by polymorphonuclear leukocytes.

acute glomerulonephritis

acute glomerulonephritis

A nonspecific term for acute glomerular inflammation.
 
Clinical findings
Sudden onset of haematuria, proteinuria, and red blood cell casts in the urine, often accompanied by hypertension, oedema, azotemia (decreased glomerular filtration rate) and sodium and water retention.

Aetiology
Streptococcal infection, SLE, syphilis, bacterial endocarditis, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, sepsis, vasculitis, Goodpasture syndrome, typhoid fever, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, hepatitis, viral infection—e.g., mumps, measles, infectious mononucleosis.

acute glomerulonephritis

Acute nephritic syndrome Nephrology A nonspecific term for acute glomerular inflammation Etiology Streptococcal infection, SLE, syphilis, bacterial endocarditis, sepsis, vasculitis, Goodpasture syndrome, typhoid fever, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, hepatitis, viral infection–eg, mumps, measles, infectious mononucleosis

a·cute glo·mer·u·lo·ne·phri·tis

(ă-kyūt glō-meryū-lō-nef-rītis)
Glomerulonephritis that frequently occurs as a late complication of pharyngitis or skin infection, due to a nephritogenic strain of β-hemolytic streptococci, characterized by abrupt onset of hematuria, edema of the face, oliguria, and variable azotemia and hypertension.

a·cute glo·mer·u·lo·ne·phri·tis

(ă-kyūt glō-meryū-lō-nef-rītis)
Glomerulonephritis that frequently occurs as a late complication of pharyngitis or skin infection, characterized by abrupt onset of hematuria, edema of the face, oliguria, and variable azotemia and hypertension.
References in periodicals archive ?
Meena VK, Kumar N, Nawal R An unusual presentation of typhoid fever causing aseptic meningitis, acute pancreatitis, acute glomerulonephritis, acute hepatitis.
Acute glomerulonephritis with special reference to the course and prognosis: a study of 150 cases.
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome occurs as a result of increased blood pressure or endothelial damage which is observed in relation with acute glomerulonephritis, HSP, lupus, nephrotic syndrome or immunosupressive drug usage which lead to disruption of the blood-brain barrier (4).
Conclusively, PRES should be primarily considered in the differential diagnosis when complaints including severe headache, seizure, visal disturbance or loss of consciousness are observed in children in presence of acute glomerulonephritis, lupus and nephrotic syndrome and therapies directed to reduce blood pressure should be administered as soon as possible by completing imaging investigations including diffusion MRI.
We read with interest the recent case report on 'Plasmodium vivax with acute glomerulonephritis in an 8-year old' by Sanghai et al (1), and have the following comments to offer:
HUS is usually characterised by oligoanuric renal failure similar to acute glomerulonephritis, but the outcome is guarded.
Renal manifestations described in falciparum malaria have mainly been in the form of electrolyte disturbances, acute tubular necrosis, interstitial nephritis, acute glomerulonephritis and acute renal failure.

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