acute disease

acute disease

a disease characterized by a relatively sudden onset of symptoms that are usually severe. An episode of acute disease results in recovery to a state comparable to the patient's condition of health and activity before the disease, in passage into a chronic phase, or in death. Examples are pneumonia and appendicitis. See also chronic disease.

Acute Illness

(1) Any illness that develops quickly, is intense or severe and lasts a relatively short period of time.
(2) Any condition—e.g., infection, trauma, fracture—with a short (often less than 1 month) clinical course. Acute illnesses usually respond to therapy; a return to a state of complete—pre-morbid—health is the norm.

acute disease

Epidemiology Any condition—eg infection, trauma, pregnancy, fracture, with a short, often < 1 month clinical course; ADs usually respond to therapy; a return to a state of complete–pre-morbid health is the rule. Cf Chronic disease.

a·cute dis·ease

(ă-kyūt' di-zēz')
Disorder with sudden onset and short duration of symptoms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Finalized research partnerships with Clinical Laboratories, Medical Centers, Hospital Networks and Principal Investigators worldwide will also soon contribute samples for Inflammatory, Endocrine and other chronic and acute disease conditions - including Tropical diseases such as Malaria, Leishmaniasis and Dengue Fever.
In the present report, clinical and pathological findings are provided for 7 mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) and one Canada goose (Branta canadensis) that developed acute disease and either died or were killed humanely.
Anthrax is an acute disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.
pos 1 insurance personnel with insurance "accident" and "medical expenses due to accident and / or acute illness and repatriation due to accident and and / or acute disease," automobile technology with the "casco valid abroad" and property insurance with "cargo", "fire and natural disasters" and "property damage" to the bulgarian army deployed in conjunction with the commitments of the republic of bulgaria to the united nations, nato, the eu and other international agreements;
Within that group, researchers found only 25 patients had received any vaccine in the six weeks before the onset of Guillain-Barre, an acute disease that results in destruction of a nerve's myelin sheath and peripheral nerves.
4) In general, analysis of acute disease patterns and the distribution of mortality across the acute care continuum is a crucial part of identifying the preventive and training initiatives most likely to impact on outcomes.
Dr Vickers said: "Cattle rarely show signs of acute fluke disease, therefore unless acute disease is suspected or diagnosed, a flukicide with activity against late immature/adult fluke stages (closantel, clorsulon, nitroxynil) may be selected, especially for treatments given in the late autumn/winter months.
Unless acute disease is suspected or diagnosed in cattle, a flukicide that acts against late immature and adult fluke stages should be selected, such as closantel, clorsulon or nitroxynil, for treatment in the autumn and winter months.
All animals died or were euthanized in a moribund state 8-9 days after inoculation, confirming that ASFV causes severe, acute disease and is fatal for 100% of infected adult European wild boars.
Severe hypoxia in a previously well young woman is indicative of a severe acute disease process such as pneumonia, with catastrophic respiratory failure and exhaustion of her reserves.
To be eligible for the program, projects had to show reasonable potential to result in new therapies to treat areas of unmet medical need, prevent, detect, or treat chronic or acute disease and conditions, or reduce long-term health care costs in the United States.
The researchers suggest a patient's clinical and epidemiologic history be considered when interpreting positive antibody findings to determine if they suggest acute disease or a previous infection.

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