acute cholecystitis

a·cute cho·le·cys·ti·tis

inflammation and/or hemorrhagic necrosis, with variable infection, ulceration, and neutrophilic infiltration of the gallbladder wall; usually resulting from impaction of a stone in the cystic duct.

acute cholecystitis

Acute inflammation of the gallbladder.

Clinical finding
Right upper quadrant pain, variable severity, sudden onset, rigidity and rebound tenderness with peritonitis, nausea, vomiting, constipation, fever, slow pulse, Murphy sign; spontaneous remission is not uncommon.
Stones by ultrasound, plain films, CT.
References in periodicals archive ?
Acute cholecystitis is an acute inflammatory condition of the gall bladder; 95% of cases of acute cholecystitis are due to an obstructing calculus in the gall bladder neck or cystic duct.
She had an abdominal surgery approximately 30 years ago for acute cholecystitis. Upon presentation, her blood pressure was 116/57 mmHg, pulse rate was 62 per minute, respiratory rate was 18 per minute, temperature was 96.6 F, and oxygen saturation was 100% on room air.
For instance, acute cholecystitis is a primary diagnostic consideration in patients presenting with right upper quadrant pain, likewise acute appendicitis is the leading differential diagnosis of right lower quadrant pain, especially presenting with nausea and vomiting.
Ozaras et al2 described two adult patients (28 and 20 years of age) with acute cholecystitis due to HAV infection.
(June, 2016 Aga Khan University) Second case was a 42 year old male with recurrent episodes of acute cholecystitis and 10 kg weight loss over a year.
A TEAE of acute cholecystitis resulted in death in one placebo-treated patient.
Acute cholecystitis complicated with portal vein thrombosis: A case report and literature review.
Background and Objective: Acute cholecystitis (AC) is an inflammation of the gallbladder.
Depending on the localization of the necrotic omentum, it can mimic acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, peptic ulcer perforation, diverticulitis, or renal colic clinic.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has certain advantages over the open cholecystectomy procedure, such as a shorter hospital stay (LOS), faster return to daily activities, and lower morbidity and mortality rates, both in symptomatic cholelithiasis and acute cholecystitis (1, 4-6).
While patients with diagnosis of acute cholecystitis without pus in gall bladder, biliary colic and chronic cholelithiasis were excluded from study.
29, 2009, the decedent underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Neither the operative report nor the discharge summary made any reference to the mass adjacent to the lower pole of the left kidney as visualized on the ultrasound study.

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