acute bronchitis


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Related to acute bronchitis: pneumonia

acute bronchitis

Acute Bronchitis

A lower respiratory tract infection—up to 95% of which are viral—which causes reversible bronchial inflammation.
Clinical findings Cough, fever, sputum, wheezing, rhonchi
DiffDx Asthma, aspergillosis, occupational exposure, chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, pneumonia
Management Antibiotics rarely shorten course of disease; bronchodilators—e.g., albuterol—may provide symptomatic relief.

acute bronchitis

Pulmonology A lower RTI–up to 95% of which are viral–that causes reversible bronchial inflammation Clinical Cough, fever, sputum, wheezing, rhonchi DiffDx Asthma, aspergillosis, occupational exposure, chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, pneumonia Management Antibiotics rarely shorten the course of disease; bronchodilators–eg, albuterol may provide symptomatic relief. See Asthma.

acute bronchitis

1. An infection of the bronchi that may be indistinguishable from the common cold, often associated with repetitive coughing or sputum production. It is usually caused by viruses (particularly rhinoviruses, influenza A or B, parainfluenza, adenoviruses, or respiratory syncytial virus) or less often by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia, streptococci, Haemophilus spp, Moraxella lacunata, Bordetella pertussis, or staphylococci.
2. Noninfectious inflammation of the bronchi caused by exposure to such irritants as dusts, fumes, or pollens.

Patient care

Patients are treated with bedrest, increased fluid intake, and antipyretics and analgesics for comfort. Antibiotics are rarely indicated (even if purulent sputum is present), unless bacterial infection is determined by culture or the symptoms continue for more than 10 days or there is an underlying disease such as congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive lung disease, or an immunodeficiency. Some prolonged cases of acute bronchitis will eventually prove to be caused by pertussis, which will respond to erythromycin-based drugs. A chest x-ray examination to check for pneumonia is indicated when clinically suspected (the presence of severe respiratory symptoms, fever, tachycardia, hypoxia, or abnormal lung sounds).

See also: bronchitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Besides its beneficial effects in acute bronchitis (Matthys and Kamin 2011), EPs[R] 7630 has previously been shown to prolong time to exacerbation of chronic bronchitis and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (Matthys et al.
Adding patient education to an existing physician-centered intervention reduces antimicrobial drug use among adults with acute bronchitis (13).
The same viruses that cause colds often cause acute bronchitis.
Table 32: Acute Bronchitis Therapeutics Market - Clinical Trials by Sponsors, 2011 104
The Pelargonium sidoides extract EPs [R] 7630 is an approved drug for the treatment of acute bronchitis in Germany.
ACUTE bronchitis is inflammation of the lower respiratory passages and usually due to a virus.
After a peak in 1993-1994, there appears to have been a gradual decline in new asthma presentations to general practitioners, which is mirrored by a similar decline in acute bronchitis presentations.
Jackie Marston, marketing executive at the venue, said the singer had been diagnosed as suffering from acute bronchitis and had cancelled both last night's Newcastle concert and tonight's performance in Manchester.
The five-month-old girl, from Lochinver, had acute bronchitis and needed urgent treatment.
Miss Windsor, who has played Queen Vic landlady Peggy Mitchell in the BBC1 soap for three-and-a-half years, was taken to University College Hospital in Euston, London, at the beginning of March suffering from acute bronchitis and pneumonia.
And it isn't just adults who suffer -- diesel pollution causes kids in Pennsylvania to visit hospital emergency rooms 573 times each year for asthma attacks, 1,398 acute bronchitis episodes and needed treatment for 16,161 lower respiratory symptoms and 12,979 upper respiratory symptoms.
We should not be satisfied with interventions that reduce the acute bronchitis prescribing rate to 60%.

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