acute appendicitis


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Related to acute appendicitis: chronic appendicitis

a·cute ap·pen·di·ci·tis

acute inflammation of the appendix, usually resulting from bacterial infection, which may be precipitated by obstruction of the lumen by a fecalith; variable symptoms often consisting of periumbilical, colicky pain and vomiting may be followed by fever, leukocytosis, persistent pain, and signs of peritoneal inflammation in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen; perforation or abscess formation is a frequent complication of delayed surgical intervention.

a·cute ap·pen·di·ci·tis

(AA) (ă-kyūt ă-pendi-sītis)
Sudden inflammation of the appendix, usually resulting from bacterial infection, which may be precipitated by obstruction of the lumen by a fecalith.

acute appendicitis

See APPENDICITIS.

a·cute ap·pen·di·ci·tis

(ă-kyūt ă-pendi-sītis)
Inflammation of the appendix, usually resulting from bacterial infection, which may be precipitated by obstruction of the lumen by a fecalith; symptoms include periumbilical colicky pain, vomiting, among others.
References in periodicals archive ?
The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the diagnostic contributions of blood PCT, D-dimer, IL-2, and IL-6 levels in the early or late phase of patients with a preliminary diagnosis of acute appendicitis.
On the other hand, the measurement of serum procalcitonin with a half-life of 24 h has been shown to be reproducible and affordable with a low time spent for obtaining the result, making it a reasonable choice for diagnosing acute appendicitis (10-12).
Because of the unusual displacement of the abdominal viscera in SI, the symptom of acute appendicitis can involve left lower-quadrant pain, making diagnosis very difficult in these patients.
A diagnostic test specific to acute appendicitis is unknown.
A great deal of research has been done over the past decade on the outcomes of acute appendicitis in SA in general and in KwaZulu-Natal in particular.
The occurrence of omental torsion should also be kept in mind if the appendix does not disclose the pathology in patients who underwent laparotomy because of the preliminary diagnosis of acute appendicitis. For such patients, alternative approaches, such as paramedian or mid-line incision and diagnostic laparoscopy, should be considered.

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