activities of daily living


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activities of daily living (ADLs),

Everyday routines generally involving functional mobility and personal care, such as bathing, dressing, toileting, and meal preparation. An inability to perform these renders one dependent on others, resulting in a self-care deficit. A major goal of occupational therapy is to enable the client to perform activities of daily living.
See also: instrumental activities of daily living scale.

ac·tiv·i·ties of daily liv·ing

(ADL) (ak-tiv'i-tēz dā'lē liv'ing)
Everyday routines generally involving functional mobility and personal care, such as bathing, dressing, toileting, and meal preparation. An inability to perform these renders one dependent on others, resulting in a self-care deficit. A major goal of occupational therapy is to enable the client to perform activities of daily living.

activities of daily living

,

ADL

Tasks performed by people in a typical day that allow independent living. Basic activities of daily living (BADL) include feeding, dressing, hygiene, and mobility. Instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) include more advanced skills such as managing personal finances, using transportation, telephoning, cooking, performing household chores, doing laundry, and shopping.

The ability to perform activities of daily living may be hampered by illness or accident resulting in physical or mental disability. Health care rehabilitation workers play a significant role in teaching people to maintain or relearn these skills so that they can achieve the highest possible degree of independence.

Patient care

The nurse and other members of the rehabilitation team, including occupational and physical therapists, assess the patient's ability to perform ADLs. The rehabilitation team instructs and trains the patient in techniques to relearn the skill, or to accommodate for inability to perform the task. Where appropriate, family members are involved in the rehabilitation program. Referrals to community agencies are arranged when specific tasks cannot be performed independently. See: table

electronic aids to activities of daily living

Abbreviation: EADLs
Computerized or electronic devices that help people with functional limitations gain entry to and exit from buildings, use telephones and other household items, and enjoy leisure activities.

extended activities of daily living

Instrumental activities of daily living.

instrumental activities of daily living

Abbreviation: IADL
Those activities and tasks beyond basic self-care that are necessary for living independently. These activities include communication, mobility, cooking, using the telephone, cleaning the house, doing laundry, shopping, going to the bank, and managing medications.
Synonym: extended activities of daily living See: activities of daily living; self-care
CategoryActivitiesAffecting Factors
Personal careClimbing stairs, moving into and out of chair or bed, feeding oneself, opening containers, dressing, using toilet, maintaining hygiene, taking medicationAltered mobility, physical, mental, or emotional illness, elimination problems
Family responsibilitiesShopping, cooking, doing laundry, cleaning, caring for yard, caring for family and pets, managing moneyAltered mobility, heavy work schedule, insomnia, physical, mental, or emotional illness
Work or schoolFulfilling work responsibilities or school assignments, getting to and from work or schoolAltered mobility, stress, heavy family demands, job dissatisfaction, difficulties in school, physical, mental, or emotional illness
RecreationPursuing hobbies and interests, exercising, reading, watching televisionAltered mobility, physical, mental, or emotional illness
SocializationUsing the telephone, traveling, visiting family and friends, joining group activities, expressing sexualityAltered mobility, physical, mental, or emotional illness, relocation
References in periodicals archive ?
Assessment of functional status in the performance of activities of daily living amongst elderly in suburban population of India.
Assessment of elderly individuals aims at identifying their activities of daily living, social resources, economic resources and physical and mental health statuses.10,15 We believe that the current research will provide a significant contribution to the literature, as there have been few studies conducted on elderly individuals in Turkey.
THE LAWTON INSTRUMENTAL ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING SCALE Ability to Use Telephone 1.
(2003) found that cognitive or neuropsychological measures accounted for 50% of the variance on the performance-based measure noted above and 25% of the variance on an informant based measure of activities of daily living. These findings were from the total score on the activities of daily living measure and a variety of neuropsychological measures including those measuring memory and visuospatial construction.
Will your community be fully market-responsive if residents are charged for incremental increases in the assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs) as they age in place?
The educational packet is divided into four sections: activities of daily living, including self care and sexual activity; instrumental activities of daily living, including home tasks, cleaning, caring for others, and exercise; and work activities.
After 8 weeks of warm-water training, older adults with rheumatic disease felt less pain, enjoyed more motion in their joints, and found it easier to perform activities of daily living.
* Beneficiaries who required no PAC were twice as likely to report having no difficulty performing activities of daily living (ADLs) or instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) than those receiving SNF or HHA services.
The women underwent radiologic tests to determine the extent of their rheumatoid arthritis damage (their "Larsen score"), and took the Health Assessment Questionnaire to determine how the disease had affected their capacity to perform common activities of daily living.
"It is extremely important that people living with Alzheimer Disease and their families have access to resources, support services, therapies and medications that can make a real difference in their activities of daily living," said John Ellis, executive director, The Alzheimer Society of Ontario.
The converted facility will feature 100 assisted living units designed for seniors who want to maintain an independent lifestyle, but also want security and assistance with activities of daily living. It will be named The Esplanade, after similar senior residences run by the Scharf family in White Plains and New York City, New York, and in Connecticut.
posture, gross and fine motor control, activities of daily living) of mildly or moderately involved children with CP" (p.

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