activated state


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ex·cit·ed state

the condition of an atom or molecule after absorbing energy, which may be the result of exposure to light, electricity, elevated temperature, or a chemical reaction; such activation may be a necessary prelude to a chemical reaction or to the emission of light.
Synonym(s): activated state

activated state

A state in which chemical reactants are at their highest energy level, which is related to the potential energy in high-energy phosphates.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This study suggests that after Huangqi is administered to DN patients with end-stage renal failure, their immunocompromised macrophages in an LPS-activated state may present different functions from normal macrophages in an activated state.
Huangqi has different effects on the generation of NO by normal and compromised macrophages upon iNOS activation; it also has different effects on iNOS of macrophages in a resting state and an activated state. Based on the biphasic regulating effects of Huangqi on the generation of NO by macrophages in vitro, a second hypothesis is proposed: the therapeutic effects of Huangqi on different stages of DN may be due to effective intervention with some processes of the disease, such as activation or inactivation of iNOS in macrophages and increase or decrease in NO production, at different stages of DN, and at different states of the patient, thereby reversing the imbalances of the disease condition.
In vitro studies showed no change in the expression of CD61 in resting and activated state. Furthermore, platelet agonist did not affect the expression of CD61 on platelets membrane.9
In the first part of the work, the dry extract was coground with sodium croscarmeliose in a planetary mill in order to reach an activated state of the dry extract more prone to dissolution.
It was measured that when the activated electrovalve is kept by PWM pulses the stabilization current is only 1.8 mA so that it needs a power of only 0.043 W to be kept in an activated state.
When the temperature is increased rapidly, the conversion from the deactivated state to the activated state is increased.
He stressed that banks would continue to charge interest on all activated state guarantees and loans and would ask that the state pay it.
The effects of HADs on adiponectin secretion in the NF-[kappa]B activated state
For some enzymes, this chemical reaction involves changes in the shape of the enzyme, as it switches between an inactivated and an activated state. There is considerable interest in improving the activity of these enzymes, so that they work faster, or so that smaller amounts of enzyme are required for the process (to save cost), or to change the types of molecule produced by the chemical breakdown.
We have obtained a 4.3 resolution cryo-electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) structure of RyR1 in the closed state and a 3.6 structure in an activated state. An atomic model was built, defining the transmembrane pore, placing all cytosolic domains as tertiary folds and unambiguously identifying small ligands including calcium, ATP, caffeine and the ryanodine in unprecedented details.
This chronically activated state, termed exhaustion, is an immunological hallmark of chronic viral infections, such as HIV.
Pat McCrory activated states of emergency on Monday, covering 66 counties in North Carolina and all counties in Florida.

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