actinomycin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

actinomycin

 [ak″tĭ-no-mi´sin]
a family of antibiotics from various species of Streptomyces, which are active against bacteria and fungi; it includes the antineoplastic agentdactinomycin (actinomycin D).

actinomycin

(ăk-tĭn′ō-mī′sĭn, ăk′tə-nō-)
n.
Any of a class of peptide-containing, often toxic antibiotics that are obtained from soil bacteria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, the purification of the yellow compound F5 by column chromatography was done and the analysis of this through UV and LC-MS/MS revealed that this compound may belong to the group of actinomycin. Since the results obtained from this present work are promising and hence merit further studies as employing as therapeutics in cancer as well as antibiotics through their in vivo assessment using animal models.
Caption: FIGURE 2: Effects of the transcriptional inhibitor actinomycin D (ACD 5 mg/L) on U46619-induced contraction.
(h) After a 48 h transfection of NC or Dnd1 siRNA, MCF-7 cells were treated with actinomycin D (2.5 [micro]g/mL) for the indicated times.
(b) HMEECs were treated with 20 [micro]M curcumin, 5 [micro]g/ml Actinomycin D (ACT-D), or both for 1h, followed by stimulation with NTHi for 1h, and MKP-1 mRNA expression was measured.
Anticancer drugs (doxorubicin, vinblastine, paditaxel, and actinomycin) were serially diluted (100-0.0001 [micro]M) in complete RPMI-1640 medium, and 100 [micro]l of the solutions were added to the plates with or without 5 [micro]M modulator (quercetin, quercetin-POM conjugates, or verapamil).
Back in 2003, the team analysed Charlotte's response to the chemotherapy drug Actinomycin D, investigating how the drug was broken down and how long it stayed in her system.
Characterisation of the roles of ABCB1 ABCC1 ABCC2 and ABCG2 in the transport and pharmacokinetics of actinomycin D in vitro and in vivo.
Somayyeh Gholami, a graduate in analytical chemistry from Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences in Zanjan, explained about the research, and said "Taking into account the shining and appropriate optical stability of quantum dots, FRET sensitive and powerful method was designed in this research to quantitatively study the interaction between actinomycin anticancer drug and genome double strand.
Phentolamine mesylate was purchased from Santa Cruz (USA), forskolin from Calbiochem (USA), KT5720 from Tocris (UK), and actinomycin D (Act D) from Beyotime Institute of Biotechnology Co.
In the current treatment protocols, chemotherapy regimens encompass a combination of Vincristine, Actinomycin D, Cyclophosphamide, and Doxorubicin.
Once the [O.sub.2] concentration in the liquid phase reached a steady state, fluorescence was monitored for at least 3 minutes to establish the rate of ROS generation, which was then calibrated by the addition of 1 [micro]M actinomycin followed by 1 [micro]M [H.sub.2][O.sub.2].
In addition, viability of cells is determined by 7-AAD (7-Amino Actinomycin D).