act utilitarianism


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Related to act utilitarianism: Rule utilitarianism

act utilitarianism

The moral theory that the best action is the one that enhances the general welfare more than any other available or known alternative. An action is judged in terms of the goodness of its consequences with no consideration of the rules of action.
See also: utilitarianism
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On the other hand, hedonistic act utilitarianism is arguably far more hospitable to the general practice of torture than this.
We conclude, then, that machines can follow the theory of act utilitarianism at least as well as human beings and, perhaps, even better, given the data that human beings would need, as well, to follow the theory.
Following act utilitarianism, you would note that moral rules are somewhat useful in guiding actions but are also expendable if they do not promote utility in the particular circumstance.
This is a wide-ranging defense of a distinctive version of hedonistic act utilitarianism.
Act utilitarianism takes the individual action as the morally relevant unit.
After critiquing some earlier attempts (including those of Marcus Singer and Frances Howard-Snyder) to ground objections to actual-consequence act utilitarianism (ACAU) on human cognitive limitations, the author presents two new objections with this same foundation.