act utilitarianism


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Related to act utilitarianism: Rule utilitarianism

act utilitarianism

The moral theory that the best action is the one that enhances the general welfare more than any other available or known alternative. An action is judged in terms of the goodness of its consequences with no consideration of the rules of action.
See also: utilitarianism
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The inconsistency between their hedonistic act utilitarianism and their commitment to torturing only the guilty only to extract information is magnified by the following consideration.
We conclude, then, that machines can follow the theory of act utilitarianism at least as well as human beings and, perhaps, even better, given the data that human beings would need, as well, to follow the theory.
Following act utilitarianism, you would note that moral rules are somewhat useful in guiding actions but are also expendable if they do not promote utility in the particular circumstance.
Act utilitarianism takes the individual action as the morally relevant unit.
Spencer accordingly preferred what has come to be called rule utilitarianism rather than act utilitarianism: make rules on the basis of utility, then act on the basis of the rules.
After critiquing some earlier attempts (including those of Marcus Singer and Frances Howard-Snyder) to ground objections to actual-consequence act utilitarianism (ACAU) on human cognitive limitations, the author presents two new objections with this same foundation.