acrosome


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acrosome

 [ak´ro-sōm]
the caplike, membrane-bound structure covering the anterior portion of the head of a spermatozoon; it contains enzymes involved in penetration of the ovum.
Acrosome of a spermatozoon. From Applegate, 2000.
acrosome reaction changes in the spermatozoon that result in development of perforations in the acrosome, allowing release of enzymes that facilitate fertilization.

ac·ro·some

(ak'rō-sōm),
A caplike organelle or saccule derived from Golgi elements that surround the anterior two thirds of the nucleus of a sperm. Enzymes contained within this structure probably facilitate the sperm's penetration of the zona pellucida of the oocyte.
Synonym(s): acrosomal cap, head cap
[acro- + G. soma, body]

acrosome

(ăk′rə-sōm′)
n.
A caplike structure at the anterior end of a spermatozoon that produces enzymes aiding in egg penetration.

ac′ro·so′mal (-sō′məl) adj.

Acrosome

A membrane-bound cap-like structure at the head of a spermatozoon that contains lytic enzymes—e.g., acrosin hyaluronidase—which degrade the ovum’s zona pellucida, allowing the penetration of one sperm.

acrosome

Reproduction biology A membrane-bound cap-like structure at the head of a spermatozoon that contains lytic enzymes–acrosin hyaluronidase which degrade the outer coat of the egg and allow the penetration of one sperm. See Acrosome reaction. Cf Capacitation.

ac·ro·some

(ak'rō-sōm)
A caplike organelle that surrounds the anterior two thirds of the nucleus of a sperm. Within this cap are enzymes that are thought to facilitate entry of the sperm into the oocyte.
[acro- + G. soma, body]

acrosome

A tiny sac or double membrane in the head of a SPERMATOZOON that contains the digestive enzymes needed to break down the protective cell membrane of the egg (OVUM) and allow penetration. Release of these enzymes is called the acrosome reaction.
Acrosomeclick for a larger image
Fig. 8 Acrosome . Head of a typical mammalian sperm.

acrosome

a membrane-bound sac derived from the GOLGI APPARATUS, located at the tip of the sperm. The acrosome plays an important role in fertilization. It contains enzymes that, when the sac ruptures upon contact with the egg, aid in penetration of the egg membrane, so allowing transfer of the sperm nucleus to the egg cell. See Fig. 8 .
References in periodicals archive ?
An increase of sperm cells undergoing acrosome reaction was also observed after incubating with PVL when compared to fresh samples.
Human sperm CRISP2 is released from the acrosome during the acrosome reaction and re-associates at the equatorial segment.
du Plessis, "Insulin and leptin enhance human sperm motility, acrosome reaction and nitric oxide production," Asian Journal of Andrology, vol.
Wang et al., "Sirt1 regulates acrosome biogenesis by modulating autophagic flux during spermiogenesis in mice," Development, vol.
As shown in Table 2, none of the tested antioxidants significantly improved chicken spermatozoal acrosome status, similarly as in the studies on mammals [28, 30, 41, 43, 46].
Studies on human spermatozoal acrosome using spermac stain in fertile and infertile men including two cases of round-headed spermatozoa.
After these alterations, spermatozoa undergo acrosome reaction, in which hydrolytic enzymes enabling spermatozoa to fertilize oocytes are released [3, 4].
The ROS are involved in important processes of sperm physiology, such as hyperactivation, capacitation, acrosome reaction and events of binding to the zona pellucida (5,7).