a benign but life-threatening tumor arising from Schwann cells, usually of the vestibular division of the eighth cranial nerve in early stage; produces hearing loss, tinnitus, and vestibular disturbances and in late stages cerebellar, brainstem, and other cranial nerve signs and increased intracranial pressure.
Synonym(s): acoustic neurinoma, acoustic neuroma, acoustic schwannoma, acoustic tumor, cerebellopontine angle tumor, eighth nerve tumor
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
acoustic schwannomaA non-malignant but hardly benign tumour of the cells of the sheath of Schwann on the acoustic nerve. The tumour causes one-sided deafness and tinnitus and eventually expands inwards into the cranial cavity to occupy the space between the cerebellum and the pons of the brainstem (the cerebello-pontine angle). Surgical approach is difficult but untreated growing tumours are liable to prove fatal. Also known as acoustic neuroma or vestibular schwannoma. (Theodor Schwann, 1810–82, German anatomist).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005