aconite


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to aconite: monkshood

aconite

 [ak´ah-nīt]
an extremely toxic substance from the dried root of Aconitum napellus (monkshood or wolfsbane), containing several closely related alkaloids, principally aconitine. It has variable effects on the heart leading to heart failure and it also affects the central nervous system; poisoning can be fatal, and with large doses death may be instantaneous. It was formerly used as an antipyretic and cardiac and respiratory depressant and topically as a counterirritant and local anesthetic.

ac·o·nite

(ak'ō-nīt),
The dried root of Aconitum napellus (family Ranunculaceae), commonly known as monkshood or wolfsbane; a powerful and rapid-acting poison formerly used as an antipyretic, diuretic, diaphoretic, anodyne, cardiac and respiratory depressant, and externally as an analgesic.

aconite

/ac·o·nite/ (ak´o-nīt) a poisonous substance from the dried tuberous root of Aconitum napellus, which contains aconitine and related alkaloids and causes potentially fatal ventricular fibrillation and respiratory paralysis. It is used in Chinese herbal medicine and homeopathy as an analgesic, antiinflammatory, and cardiac tonic.

aconite

(ăk′ə-nīt′)
n.
1. Any of various usually poisonous perennial herbs of the genus Aconitum in the buttercup family, having tuberous roots, palmately lobed leaves, and blue, purple, or white flowers with a large hoodlike upper sepal.
2. The dried leaves and roots of some of these plants, which yield a poisonous alkaloid that was formerly used medicinally. In both senses also called monkshood, wolfsbane.

aconite

Herbal medicine
An alkaloid derived from the plant by the same name, which formerly had currency as a medicinal herb; given aconite’s toxicity, it is no longer used in herbal medicine.

Toxicity
Abdominal pain, anxiety, blurred vision, bradycardia, burning sensation, cardiac arrhythmias, chest pain, diaphoresis, dyspnoea, impaired speech, muscular weakness, nausea, paresthesias, vertigo, vomiting, and possibly death due to respiratory failure or ventricular fibrillation.

Management
Gastric lavage, atropine, digitalis.
 
Homeopathy
A homeopathic remedy for treating swelling, fever, infections, restlessness, anxiety and panic attacks, and parasthesias; it has also been used for anginal pain, arrhythmias, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, respiratory infections, laryngitis, sore throat, toothaches. In homeopathy, aconite’s concentration is extremely low, thus reducing its potential toxicity.

ac·o·nite

(ak'ŏ-nīt)
The dried root of Aconitum napellus (family Ranunculaceae), commonly known as wolfsbane; a powerful and rapid-acting poison formerly used as an antipyretic, diuretic, diaphoretic, anodyne, cardiac and respiratory depressant, and externally as an analgesic.
Synonym(s): fu tzu, monkshood.
[L. aconitum, fr. G. akoniton]

aconite

A poisonous mixture of alkaloids derived from the roots of the plant Aconitum napellus . Also known as Wolf's bane, Monskhood and Friar's cowl. Aconite is no longer used in medicine.

aconite (aˑ·k·nīt),

n 1. Latin names:
Aconitum napellus, Aconitum columbianum, Aconitum chinense, Aconitum carmichaeli; parts used: leaves, roots; uses: fever, arthritis, rheumatism, poor digestion; precautions: extremely toxic; cardiotoxic. Also called
blue rocket, bushi, friar's
cap, helmet flower, monkshood, soldier's cap, or
wolfsbane. 2. a homeopathic preparation of
Aconitum napellus, used to treat colds, inflammatory conditions, and fevers accompanied with anxiety and restlessness.

aconite

References in periodicals archive ?
The statement had also mentioned that the Field Marshal had taken his life by ingesting Aconite, which he had hidden in a belt around his leg or belly as he faced possible charges along with other officers.
According to the companies, the Fair Isaac and Aconite solutions can be easily combined with clients' existing systems as individual advanced fraud and risk management solutions or as part of a broader EMV migration package.
Aconites are often planted with the early spring flowering Crocus thomassianus, and one of the best is Ruby Giant, an intense reddish purple that sets off the aconites far better than either violet or the lilac crocuses.
Aconite solutions issue and manage chips on any device and also process its transactions, supporting instant issuance and prepaid payment applications as well as smart applications.
Aconite, used in Chinese herbal recipes, requires proper processing before being deemed safe for human consumption.
Anemones also look great planted among the yellow blooms of the winter aconite and the propeller-shaped flowers of Cyclamen coum.
In a double-blind placebo-controlled trial conducted in France in 1990, Aconite was found to be highly effective in the treatment of post-surgical agitation in children (12).
According to the high court ruling, Yagi conspired with the three women to kill a 45-year-old man in June 1995 by poisoning him with aconite in a sweet-bean-paste bun they gave him to eat.
This bulb flowers in January and is commonly called the winter aconite.
4 Aconite is good for colds and those dry, tickly coughs that keep your child awake.
LONDON -- Datacard Group, the world leader in secure ID and card personalization solutions, and Aconite, a leading provider of EMV and smart card software solutions and professional services today jointly announced that Aconite will acquire Affina Enterprise Smart Card Management System from Datacard.
Tenders are invited for Polishing Aconite Cloth Belt Endless 100 Mm X915mm,Grit 60 Make-Carborundum Or Similar