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Prototheca species are aerobic, achlorophyllous, algaelike, unicellular organisms.
However, more than 100 species of orchid are achlorophyllous, which means that they are completely dependent on their fungal partners throughout their lifetime (Leake, 1994, 2005; Bidartondo, 2005).
Subterranean structures and mycotrophy of the achlorophyllous Dictyostega orobanchoides (Burmanniaceae).
However, achlorophyllous plants require an explanation of how they provide for their carbon.
At the collection site it was by far the most frequent achlorophyllous plant species, tending to occur in clusters.
Especially achlorophyllous, mycotrophic plants, which essentially rely on their mycorrhiza, cannot afford to waste or overuse their mycorrhizal fungus (Imhof 1998b), and, correspondingly, mycorrhizal structures were found in myco-heterotrophic plants allowing a sustained benefit from the endophyte for the plant (Imhof 1997, Imhof 1998a, Imhof 1999c).
Root anatomy and mycotrophy (AM) of the achlorophyllous Voyria truncata (Standley) Standley and Steyermark (Gentianaceae).
Root anatomy and mycotrophy of the achlorophyllous Voyria tenella Hooker (Gentianaceae).
The herbs are either achlorophyllous and mycotrophic or green and autotrophic.
400 species in Australia and New Zealand; Vaccinieae, more than 1000 species split between the Old World and New World Tropics; and the Pyroleae and achlorophyllous Monotropeae + Pterosporeae, ca.
Leaves opposite, rarely verticillate (Curtia) or alternate (Swertia), simple, entire or reduced to scales (Bartonia and the achlorophyllous genera); scattered mucilage cells often present in the epidermis and mesophyll; petiole without stipules but occasionally with interpetiolar line.