was measured using the net hope (hope for success minus fear of failure) by means of the German version of the short scale of the Achievement Motives
Scale--Sport (Wenhold et al., 2009).
The wider array of domains in which benignly envious individuals take risks implies that benign envy initiates the achievement motive
. A high standard attained by the envied person may initiate the achievement motive
(McClelland, Atkinson, Clark, & Lowell, 1953), which is associated with risk-taking behavior (Atkinson, 1957).
Elizur, 1999, "Achievement Motive
and Entrepreneurial Orientation: A Structural Analysis," Journal of Organizational Behavior, 20(3), 375-387.
Achievement motivation is a construct whose definition varies as a function of its theoretical framework (e.g., explicit and implicit achievement motive
) (Atkinson & Feather, 1966; Bandura, 1986; Eccles et al., 1983; McClelland, Koestner, & Weinberger, 1989; Weiner, 1985; Wigfield & Eccles, 2000).
Gender differences in achievement motive
: A facet analysis of Hungarian samples.
Hornaday and Bunker (1970) also supported the McClelland's view considering achievement motive
as an explanatory variable for entrepreneurial behavior.
The extreme high control could lead to further degradation of achievement motive
. However the affiliation and dependence OEQ defended such probability.
Finally, the achievement motive
is defined as the concern for competition against a unique standard of excellence or realisation (McClelland, Atkinson, Clark, & Lowell, 1953).
The achievement motive
. New York Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Apparently, efforts on the part of governors to set standards against which to measure their own or the state's performance (characteristics of persons scoring high on the achievement motive
) help a governor's chances of being perceived as successful.
The importance of the achievement motive
for economic development has been shown[1-3].