acetyl group


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Related to acetyl group: acetylation, acetylcholine, pyruvate, methylation, lysine

a·ce·tyl group

(asĕ-til grūp)
An acetic acid molecule from which the hydroxyl group has been removed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Establishment of glutamine synthetase of Mycobacterium smegmatis as a protein acetyltransferase utilizing polyphenolic acetates as the acetyl group donors.
The higher the percentage of acetyl groups on the starch, the higher the percentage swelling observed.
Following glycolysis and after the movement of two sets of acetyl groups through the mitochondrial membrane, the following sequence will demonstrate the basic framework of the Krebs cycle on the inside ("matrix") of the mitochondrion.
The replacement of some hydroxyl groups on the cell wall polymers with bonded acetyl groups reduces the hygroscopicity of wood.
Due to AYGG with large molecular structure, steric hindrance of acetyl group and electron-rich repulsion between acetyl group of LZ-2 and carboxyl and nitro groups of AYGG resulted in lower adsorption capacity for AYGG, suggesting excessive modification on MARs may hamper the adsorption.
Lack of an t-carnitine effect on platelet acetyl-CoA in the absence of glucose indicates that only acetyl groups synthesized in the PDH reaction are available for carnitine acetyltransferase-dependent transport through the mitochondrial membrane (Table 3).
He was the first to isolate acetylcoenzyme A, the compound that acts as intermediary in the transference of the acetyl group from one compound to another.
The chemical variation, known as acetylation because it adds an acetyl group to an existing molecule, is a kind of "decoration" that goes on and off a protein - in this case, the protein Sip2 - much like an ornament can be put on and taken off a Christmas tree, Boeke says.
While in the Scheme 2, poly(NPMA-co-N-(p-acetoxyphenyl)maleimide) poly (NPMA-co-NAMI)) was first obtained, and then it was hydrolyzed in the alkali condition to remove the acetyl group.
Compounds 2 and 4 had a one acetyl group, which was located at C-7 (4.
The most potent Cimicifuga component tested was 25-acetyl-7,8-didehydrocimigenol 3-O-[beta]-D-xylopyranoside, which has an acetyl group at position C-25.