acetyl CoA


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.

acetyl CoA

/ac·e·tyl CoA/ (as´ĕ-til) (as´ĕ-tēl″ ko-a´) acetyl coenzyme A.

acetyl

(as'et-il) (a-set'il) [ aceto- + -yl]
CH3CO, a univalent radical.

acetyl CoA

Acetylcoenzyme A.

acetyl L-carnitine

A dietary supplement (a form of L-carnitine) promoted for its positive effects on fat (esp. triglyceride) metabolism and Alzheimer's disease.

acetyl CoA

key intermediate in aerobic intermediary metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and some amino acids. Allosteric regulator of the activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and pyruvate carboxylase. Present in low concentrations but with high turnover. Dependent on B-group vitamin, pantothenic acid for structure of coenzyme A.
References in periodicals archive ?
These modifications are brought about by different enzymes that recruit different substrates like kinases use ATP for phosporylation; acetylases use acetyl CoA for acetylation, etc.
Acetyl CoA (or 'active acetate') plays a central role in metabolism of macronutrients.