acetone

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acetone

 [as´ĕ-tōn]
a compound, CH3·CO·CH3, with a characteristic odor; it is used as a solvent and as an antiseptic. Acetone is one of the ketone bodies produced in abnormal amounts in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and metabolic acidosis. See also ketosis.

ac·e·tone

(as'e-tōn),
A colorless, volatile, flammable liquid; extremely small amounts are found in normal urine, but larger quantities occur in the urine and blood of people with diabetes, sometimes imparting an ethereal odor to the urine and breath. Acetone is one of the ketone bodies, and is used as a solvent in many pharmaceutical and commercial preparations.
Synonym(s): dimethyl ketone

acetone

(ăs′ĭ-tōn′)
n.
A colorless, volatile, extremely flammable liquid ketone, C3H6O, widely used as an organic solvent. It is one of the ketone bodies that accumulate in the blood and urine when fat is being metabolized.

ac′e·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.

Acetone

Chemistry A colourless, highly volatile and flammable solvent* which is the simplest ketone. It mixes with water, ethanol and oil; it melts at 95.4º C and boils at 56º C.
Endocrinology A so-called ketone body which is normally present in scant amounts in the urine and serum of normal individuals, produced by oxidation of fats. Ketones are increased in diabetes, markedly so in diabetic ketoacidosis and starvation. 
Toxic range > 20 mg/dL
*Acetone is used as a solvent in chemical, cosmetic—e.g., nail polish remover—and pharmaceutical industries.

acetone

Endocrinology A ketone body normally present in scant amounts in the urine and serum of normal individuals produced by oxidation of fats; ketones ↑ in DM, DKA, starvation. See Ketone body.

ac·e·tone

(as'ĕ-tōn)
A colorless, volatile, inflammable liquid; small amounts are found in normal urine, but larger quantities occur in urine and blood of diabetic patients; sometimes imparts an ethereal odor to the urine and breath as a result of starvation or excessive vomiting. Used as a solvent in some pharmaceutical and commercial preparations and as a fixative for fluorescent antibody stains.

acetone

A KETONE body derived from acetyl coenzyme A in untreated DIABETES or starvation. See also ACETONE BODY.

acetone 

Liquid ketone (dimethyl ketone and propanone) used as a solvent for many organic compounds (e.g. cellulose acetate) and for repairing spectacle frames.

ac·e·tone

(as'ĕ-tōn)
A colorless, volatile, flammable liquid; extremely small amounts are found in normal urine, but larger quantities occur in the urine and blood of people with diabetes, sometimes imparting an ethereal odor to the urine and breath.
References in periodicals archive ?
fistulashowed that its low molecular weight extracts as in case of petroleum ether has shown the best repellency of 64% and its medium polar acetonic extract as well as high molecular weight ethanolic extracts as in ethanol has shown better oiviposition inhibition among its all solvent extracts.
cardifolia collected from 17 villages of 7 districts i.e Kangra, Solan, Una, Mandi, Bilaspur, Shimla and Hamirpur of Himachal Pradesh, screened for potential antimicrobial activity against gram positive and gram negative bacteria, Fungus and Candida strains, acetonic leaf extract of T.
E-mail: mousavi_r313@yahoo.com Table 1: Sunflower Oil Fatty Acid Profile Type of fatty acids Value (%) C14:0 (Myristic acid) 0.18 C16:0 (palmitic acid) 6.73 C16:1 (palmitoleic acid) 0.11 C18:0 (stearic acid) 3.49 C18:1 (oleic acid) 24.32 C18:2 (linoleic acid) 63.12 C18:3 (linolenic acid) 0.29 C20:0 (arachidonic acid) 0.24 C20:1 (eicosenoic acid) 0.14 Other fatty acids 1.38 Total saturated fatty acids 10.64 Total unsaturated fatty acids 87.98 Table 2: Mean peroxide index of different treatments of sunflower oil containing hexanoic, acetonic and methanolic mint (meq/kg) extracts at 75[degrees]C.
Kava hepatotoxicity: comparison of aqueous, ethanolic, acetonic kava extracts and kava-herbs mixtures.
Toxic and repellent effect of harmal (Peganum harmala L.) acetonic extract on several aphids and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst).
The acetonic, methanolic, and hot water extractions were prepared according to the method of Alam et al., [13].
Until 2002 when the ban for kava-based products was issued, ethanolic and acetonic kava extracts had been sold as regulatory approved drugs in pharmacies without prescription in Germany and Switzerland; in the latter country they have also been available in drug stores since 1998 (Teschke et al.
alba leaves obtained by methanolic, acetonic and aqueous extraction, exhibited 93, 85, and 71 mg total phenolics/g, respectively, is similar to this work.
The purpose of the experiments reported here is to demonstrate the effectiveness of acetonic leaf extract of O.
To explore possible mechanisms of kava hepatotoxicity, we prepared and analyzed three different kava extracts (a methanolic and an acetonic root and a methanolic leaf extract), and investigated their toxicity on HepG2 cells and isolated rat liver mitochondria.
hereroensis acetonic extract was evaluated against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE).