Theoretically, counselors are trained to offer accurate empathy
for any clients they serve (Clark, 2010).
As is common among much pastoral counseling work, an attitude of unconditional high regard and accurate empathy
is employed with all his clients to maintain a safe, confident and non-judgmental environment and to maximize effectiveness and benefits throughout.
A reappraisal of the therapeutic effectiveness of accurate empathy
, nonpossessive warmth, and genuineness.
1991, Two Approaches to Teaching Accurate Empathy
to Undergraduates: Teacher Insentive and Self-Directed, Journal of College Student Development, 32: 69-75.
The skillful tutor moves from understanding to action, building on genuine and accurate empathy
by helping to strengthen the writer's self-efficacy or sense of agency.
1979) stressed the importance of warmth, accurate empathy, and genuineness.
Improving Accurate Empathy Through Understanding Cognitive-Behavioral Concepts
However, consistent with Rogers's work, when carefully attending to their clients and achieving accurate empathy, counselors can respond to aspects of experience not explicitly stated (Bowen, 1996; Bozarth, 1996; Gundrum et al.
His nine-point scale, later reduced to five points as the Carkhuff Accurate Empathy
Scale, was the scale most widely used in training counselors (Carkhuff, 1969).
That is, the vignette is consistent with the humanistic goal of accurate empathy, the psychoanalytic objective of identifying underlying feeling states or conflicts, and the cognitive aim of fleshing out experience to identify distorted cognitions.
For example, consider that a foundational directive for humanistic counselors is to employ accurate empathy when they attempt to help clients (Rogers, 1957).