(51.) For unlicensed and even licensed midwives harboring single mothers, see Gowing, Common Bodies, 156; Robilliard, "Accoucheur
," 13; Given she is arguing that licensed midwives harbored single women in violation of their oath, Cody is appropriately tentative.
In Irigaray's reading, the "accoucheur
" (the one who gives birth) becomes a vigilante, unchaining the prisoner and turning him away from feminine fiction, fabrications, and falsehood found in the womb-cave.
He continued to work as an accoucheur
, though a number of his patients cancelled appointments.
Finally, chapter 6 offers a striking reappraisal of the plates of the unborn child, arguing that the predominance of images of fetuses in unnatural positions is an implicit call for, and validation of, the skills of the accoucheur
Another blank column reveals there were no witnesses such as an accoucheur
Above all, the upstart profession of accoucheur
, men like Laurence Sterne's Dr Slop, became targets for prurient satire.
"...my right hand is still at Nurse & notwithstanding it is well swadled & duly supply'd with pap (alias poltice) it is a most peevish Brat & has led me a very unpleasant Life & what is most extraordinary it has been several times brought to Bed, & my Grand-Children are tolerably like me being nothing but Bone: this veryday I am to have an Addition to my Family, my Elbow is already in Labour & the Accoucheur
is preparing his Instruments for the Caesarian operation." 
Participating subjects were randomly assigned (masked allocation) to either PCD (n=1043) or to PVD by an accoucheur
experienced in breech delivery (n=1045).
While bone fragments painfully worked their way through the suppurating wound and doctors debated whether to remove his arm, he referred to the limb as a "most peevish Brat" that insisted on giving birth: "This very day I am to have an Addition to my Family, my Elbow is already in Labour and the Accoucheur
is preparing his Instruments for the Caesarian operation." To his mother he joked, but he confided to brother George his keen disappointment at the disbanding of his rifle corps.
(Cantab.), FRCS, a Harley Street gynaecologist, provided the ideal accoucheur
for the picturesque monster.
When the English midwife Elizabeth Nihell attacked male obstetricians in her Treatise on the Art of Midwifery, a French reviewer replied 'que le moindre accoucheur
est en etat de donner des secours qu'on ne peut jamais attendre des Sages Femmes ordinaires' (Journal encyclopedique (1760), ii.III, 46).