abstract

(redirected from abstracts)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

abstract

 [ab´strakt]
1. a short description of a scientific presentation or article.
2. a thought process that is oriented toward the development of an idea without application to, or association with, a particular instance. This type of thinking is independent of time and space.

ab·stract

(ab'strakt),
1. A preparation made by evaporating a fluid extract to a powder and triturating with milk sugar.
2. A condensation or summary of a scientific or literary article or address.
[L. ab-traho, pp. -tractus, to draw away]

abstract

[ab′strakt, abstrakt′]
Etymology: L, abstrahere, to drag away
1 a condensed summary of a scientific article, literary piece, or address.
2 to collect data such as from a medical record.
3 a preparation containing the soluble principles of a medication concentration mixed with lactose.
4 difficult to understand because of lack of practicality.

Abstract

Informatics A statement summarising the important points of a text; a brief summary or description of the essential content of an article, chapter or other complete work, often written by the author of the work.
Research
(1) A synopsis of research data that may be presented at scientific meetings and later published in a peer-reviewed journal; abstracts may not be subjected to the same rigorous review as the “lead” articles for the same journal; the purpose of the abstract is to enable the reader to efficiently grasp the essence of the report; the abstract can be very misleading; it is often the only part of the content of an article that will show up in a database.  
(2) A distillation of a presentation at a meeting, congress, conference, symposium, colloquium, seminar, workshop, round table, or other professional gathering.

ab·stract

(ab'strakt)
1. A condensation, summary, or brief description of a scientific or literary article or the results of a study.
2. A preparation made by evaporating a fluid extract to a powder and triturating it with milk sugar.
3. (ăb-strakt') To collect information from the medical record for research, billing, or statistical purposes.
[L. ab-traho, pp. -tractus, to draw away]

ab·stract

(ab'strakt)
1. Preparation made by evaporating a fluid extract to a powder and triturating with milk sugar.
2. Condensation or summary of a scientific or literary article or address.
[L. ab-traho, pp. -tractus, to draw away]
References in periodicals archive ?
Readable abstracts normally precede or follow traditional abstracts in a paper and give a lay person's account of the content to follow.
All abstracts submitted prior to deadline and adhering to the guidelines will be considered.
Presenters will be notified by June 2 if their abstract has been accepted.
Abstracts must not exceed the 300 words character limit.
Spelling errors do not necessarily rule out acceptance; however, there is evidence that reviewers are biased in favor of well-written abstracts, particularly if only a limited number are to be accepted (Cartwright Tikkinen, Vierhout, & Koebl, 2010).
Hayes and others have expressed concern that incomplete and inaccurate abstracts are not only misleading but also harmful to patients' health.
Authors, especially when tempted to cite an article only on the basis of an abstract, need to be aware that abstracts come with limitations and deficits.
First, decisions about the relative merits of abstracts (that is, abstract ratings) are made by different reviewers with very different rating propensities.
Informative abstracts appear in two thirds of the articles published in biomedical journals (3).
Almost all science and medical journals make their articles' abstracts free to the public, so a bookmark can point to the abstract (access to the full text varies from free to very expensive).