When considering a medium with a vanishingly small absorptivity
, he allowed for their use as blackbodies by invoking infinite thickness [14, [section]10].
[[epsilon].sub.a](E, [theta], [phi]) is the absorptivity
of the absorber, and [[epsilon].sub.e](E, [theta], [phi]) is the emissivity of the emitter.
The proposed absorber exhibits an absorption peak at 442 MHz with 99.73% absorptivity
. We elaborated on the design principles and processes.
In the analysis, the absorptivity
and albedo values of the lunar surface and the latitude were set to 0.87, 0.13, and 20[degrees], respectively, to simulate the thermal environment of Apollo 17 landing area.
The molar absorptivity
and the integrated molar absorptivity
in the applied integration ranges of the corresponding main and characteristic absorption bands, both separated and integral, in all the IR and UV/VIS spectra of the chromatographically purified [C.sub.76]-[D.sub.2] samples from this research [2, 3, 38-44] are in excellent agreement.
coefficient, [epsilon], is a constant that is essential to the solute itself and is measure of a degree to which particles in the solute absorb light at a particular wavelength.
Methylene blue absorption is also an indicator for absorptivity
and water absorption .
Let [[rho].sub.1v] [member of] [0,1] be a spectral hemispherical reflectivity of the boundary [S.sub.1]; [[epsilon].sub.1v] [member of] [0,1] is its spectral hemispherical absorptivity
. Then [[rho].sub.1v] and [[epsilon].sub.1v](1 - [[rho].sub.1v]) are the fraction of radiation scattered back and absorbed by the boundary [S.sub.1], whereas the part of transmitted radiation will be equal to [[tau].sub.1v] [equivalent to] 1 - [[rho].sub.1v] - [[epsilon].sub.1v](1 - [[rho].sub.1v]) = (1 - [[epsilon].sub.1v])(1 - [[rho].sub.1v]).
where, s is absorptivity
, c is concentration of absorbing species, b is path length or the thickness of thin film; the rearrangement of eq.
The Komar-Tolmachev method  also allows to calculate the true molar absorptivity
of the complex: e= (3.5-3.9)A-104L mol-1 cm-1.
Plans for future projects include expanding the capabilities of the lab's direct laser deposition equipment to enhance metallic absorptivity
. The lab will also continue to work with domestic-based, low-cost titanium powder suppliers for open-source materials in the supply chain.
The main part of solar thermal heaters is the absorber surface which must have a maximum absorptivity
([alpha) and minimum emissivity ([epsilon]) of solar radiation.