absorption coefficient


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Related to absorption coefficient: sound absorption coefficient, molar absorption coefficient

coefficient

 [ko″ĕ-fish´ent]
1. an expression of the change or effect produced by the variation in certain variables, or of the ratio between two different quantities.
2. in chemistry, a number or figure put before a chemical formula to indicate how many times the formula is to be multiplied.
Bunsen coefficient the number of milliliters of gas dissolved in a milliliter of liquid at atmospheric pressure (760 mm Hg) and a specified temperature. Symbol, α.
confidence coefficient the probability that a confidence interval will contain the true value of the population parameter. For example, if the confidence coefficient is 0.95, 95 per cent of the confidence intervals so calculated for a large number of random samples would contain the parameter.
correlation coefficient a numerical value that indicates the degree and direction of relationship between two variables; the coefficients range in value from +1.00 (perfect positive relationship) to 0.00 (no relationship) to −1.00 (perfect negative or inverse relationship).
diffusion coefficient see diffusion coefficient.
coefficient of digestibility the proportion of a food that is digested compared to what is absorbed, expressed as a percentage.
dilution coefficient a number that expresses the effectiveness of a disinfectant for a given organism. It is calculated by the equation tcn = k, where t is the time required for killing all organisms, c is the concentration of disinfectant, n is the dilution coefficient, and k is a constant. A low coefficient indicates the disinfectant is effective at a low concentration.
linear absorption coefficient the fraction of a beam of radiation absorbed per unit thickness of absorber.
mass absorption coefficient the linear absorption coefficient divided by the density of the absorber.
phenol coefficient see phenol coefficient.
sedimentation coefficient the velocity at which a particle sediments in a centrifuge divided by the applied centrifugal field, the result having units of time (velocity divided by acceleration), usually expressed in Svedberg units (S), which equal 10−13 second. Sedimentation coefficients are used to characterize the size of macromolecules; they increase with increasing mass and density and are higher for globular than for fibrous particles.

ab·sorp·tion co·ef·fi·cient

1. the milliliters of a gas at standard temperature and pressure that will saturate 100 mL of liquid;
2. the amount of light absorbed in passing through 1 cm of a 1 molar solution of a given substance, expressed as a constant in Beer-Lambert law; Compare: specific absorption coefficient.
3. a measure of the rate of decrease of intensity of an x-ray beam in its passage through a substance, resulting from a combination of scattering and conversion to other forms of energy.

absorption coefficient

the factor by which the intensity of electromagnetic energy decreases as it interacts with a unit thickness of an absorbing material. It is usually expressed per unit thickness.

Absorption Coefficient

Chemistry The amount, in millilitres (mls), of a gas at a standard temperature and pressure that saturates 100 mls of a liquid.
Physics Wave absorption The amount of energy lost due to scattering—e.g., Compton effect—and conversion to other forms of energy as a wave travels a unit distance.

ab·sorp·tion co·ef·fi·cient

(ăb-sōrp'shŭn kō-ĕ-fish'ĕnt)
1. The milliliters of a gas at standard temperature and pressure that will saturate 100 mL of liquid.
2. The amount of light absorbed in passing through 1 cm of a 1 molar solution of a given substance, expressed as a constant in Beer-Lambert law.
3. radiology A measure of the rate of decrease of intensity of a beam in its passage through matter, resulting from a combination of scattering and conversion to other forms of energy.
See also: attenuation

ab·sorp·tion co·ef·fi·cient

(ab-sōrp'shŭn kō-ĕ-fish'ĕnt)
1. The milliliters of a gas at standard temperature and pressure that will saturate 100 mL of liquid.
2. The amount of light absorbed in passing through 1 cm of a 1 molar solution of a given substance, expressed as a constant in Beer-Lambert law.
3. radiology a measure of the rate of decrease of intensity of a beam in its passage through matter, resulting from a combination of scattering and conversion to other forms of energy.
See also: attenuation

coefficient

1. an expression of the change or effect produced by the variation in certain factors, or of the ratio between two different quantities.
2. in chemistry, a number or figure put before a chemical formula to indicate how many times the formula is to be multiplied.

absorption coefficient
1. the fraction of a beam of radiation that is absorbed in passing through a unit length of absorbing material.
2. a number indicating the volume of a gas absorbed by a unit volume of a liquid at 32°F (0°C) and at a pressure of 760 mmHg.
alienation coefficient
a measure of the lack of association between two variables. Called also the coefficient of nondetermination.
Bunsen coefficient
see absorption coefficient (2) (above).
contingency coefficient
a measure of association between qualitative assessments of two variables.
correlation coefficient
a measure of association which indicates the degree to which two or more sets of observations fit a linear relationship. Denoted by 'r', it can vary from −1.0 to 1.0.
determination coefficient
the coefficient of determination is the square of the correlation coefficient (r2). It describes the proportion of the variation of one of the correlated variables, explainable by the variation of the other variable. The value of the coefficient must lie between 0 and 1.
digestibility coefficient
percentage of the food ingested that is absorbed.
disarray coefficient
the measure of the degree of discord between two variables.
friction coefficient
the effect that the material in a surface has on the frictional force created by the application of a force to the surface: S = f × N, where S = friction, f = friction coefficient, N = reaction to the vertical application of a given force. In a normal joint the f value is very small (0.008).
coefficient of nondetermination
see alienation coefficient.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was assumed that solar radiation absorption coefficient of indoor surfaces is the same as in the LST EN 13790 (2008) method, i.
These measurements proved that with increasing thickness the sound absorption coefficient is improved mainly at frequency range f = 500Hz to f = 2500Hz.
3250 Table 2: Average value of absorption coefficient (a) and energy band gaps ([E.
2] particle size, and roughness factor, have significant effects on the electron lifetime, electron diffusion coefficient, specific surface area, as well as light absorption coefficient, resulting in apparent difference in the cell performance (Park et al.
Their calculations also neglected bremsstrahlung, assumed 34 eV per ion pair created in air, and the mass-energy absorption coefficients for air were obtained from (4).
The normal incidence absorption coefficient was obtained on the frequency range 100-1900 Hz.
The optical properties, such as film thickness, refractive index, absorption coefficient, and optical band gap, were calculated from the transmission spectra between 300 and 2500 nm recorded by Lambda 900 spectrophotometer, while sheet resistance, dc resistivity, and dark conductivity activation energy of these samples were measured by two probe method using Keithley 2410-C Source meter.
f,j,i] = absorption coefficient per unit length of layer j at node i for the front incident beam solar radiation, [m.
The absorption coefficient of a log primarily depends on its density and the energy of the x-rays employed.
Some specific topics covered include phonon fluctuations, the spectrum of optical absorption coefficient and optical parameters in GSM, and optical spectra and morphology of a-Si:H and a-SiC:H films.