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Related to absolute alcohol: Rectified spirit
1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. 100% alcohol, water having been removed; Synonym(s): anhydrous alcohol
2. alcohol with a minimum admixture of water, at most 1%. Synonym(s): dehydrated alcohol
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
absolute alcoholEthanol that contains ≤ 1% water by weight; it is a critical working reagent in certain areas of the clinical lab, in particular histopathology, where it is required in certain steps of embedding tissues in paraffin.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
absolute alcoholLaboratory Ethanol that contains ≤ 1% water by weight; it is a critical working reagent in certain areas of the clinical laboratory, in particular histopathology, where it is required in certain steps of embedding tissues in paraffin
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
absolute alcoholAlcohol from which all water has been removed.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
ab·so·lute al·co·hol(ab-sō-lūt alkō-hol)
A 100% alcohol, water having been removed.
Synonym(s): anhydrous alcohol.
Synonym(s): anhydrous alcohol.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012