absolute alcohol


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Related to absolute alcohol: Rectified spirit

alcohol

 [al´kah-hol]
1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.

ab·so·lute al·co·hol

1. 100% alcohol, water having been removed; Synonym(s): anhydrous alcohol
2. alcohol with a minimum admixture of water, at most 1%. Synonym(s): dehydrated alcohol

absolute alcohol

Ethanol that contains ≤ 1% water by weight; it is a critical working reagent in certain areas of the clinical lab, in particular histopathology, where it is required in certain steps of embedding tissues in paraffin.

absolute alcohol

Laboratory Ethanol that contains ≤ 1% water by weight; it is a critical working reagent in certain areas of the clinical laboratory, in particular histopathology, where it is required in certain steps of embedding tissues in paraffin

absolute alcohol

Alcohol from which all water has been removed.

ab·so·lute al·co·hol

(ab-sō-lūt alkō-hol)
A 100% alcohol, water having been removed.
Synonym(s): anhydrous alcohol.
References in periodicals archive ?
(9) Preparation of 2-mercapto-4-methyl -6-{4'-[N,N-bis(2-chloroethylyl) amino] distyryl} pyrimidine (IX) - 2-mercapto-4,6-dimethyl pyrimidine (1.7 g, 0.01 mole) and benzaldehyde mustard (4.86, 0.02 mole) were dissolved in dry benzene (70 ml) and absolute alcohol (10ml) and added ZnCl2.
Unfortunately, from 1993 the level of per capita adult absolute alcohol consumption appears to be rising, after a decrease in 1990 and 1991 (4).
When subtracting tourists' alcohol purchases and consumption, and adding 0.5 litres of illegal alcohol per resident, Estonian residents consumed 8.7 litres of absolute alcohol per resident and 10.3 litres per adult resident in 2015.
For example, if a participant shared 750 ml Amarula liqueur with two drinking partners (250 ml per person, alcohol content 17%), the alcohol used per person was 34 g (250x17/100x0.8, the specific gravity (SG) of alcohol) as well as 2 000 ml wine between the three of them (666.6 ml per person, alcohol concentration 10%), the alcohol used per person was 53.3 g (666.6x10/100x0.8), giving a total of 87.3 g of absolute alcohol. For quantification of alcohol intake, a standard drink was defined as 10 g of absolute alcohol.
Sales data are also preferable to population surveys in that sales data allow for simple and accurate calculations of absolute alcohol (i.e., amount of pure alcohol contained) since the exact concentration of alcohol for each beverage type is known.
The problem is that most alcohol research in animals and humans tries to match the style of drinking in humans (i.e., with watered-down alcohol), so there is almost no research on absolute alcohol pharmacology.
Fluid ounces of absolute alcohol consumed were averaged, and the women were stratified as having no alcohol use, low use (less than 0.3 fluid ounces of absolute alcohol per day), or moderate/heavy use (more than 0.3 fluid ounces of absolute alcohol per day).
However, this decline was only modest (i.e., 0.05 ounces of absolute alcohol per week or approximately 1 ounce of beer) and appeared to be short-lived.
of dessert or aperitif wines containing the same total dose of absolute alcohol.
So neurolysis with either phenol or absolute alcohol was planned.
KLAIPEDA -- Though "Eurostat," the EU Statistics Agency, claims that alcohol retail turnover in Lithuania slumped an EU record-breaking 17.1 percent last year, Lithuanians nonetheless remain on top of alcohol consumption statistics, averaging 11.3 liters of absolute alcohol last year.