absinthism


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Related to absinthism: absenteeism
Poisoning with absinthe, popular in fin-de-siècle France, which had a toxin, thujone, which was extracted from wormwood (Artemisia absinthium pontica), a plant used for de-worming. The neurologic effects of absinthe (with thujone)—mental deterioration, loss of time/space orientation, hallucinations—eventually led to its ban in 1915; consumption of wormwood oil may be linked to rhabdomyolysis and seizures

absinthism

(ab′sin-thizm) [ absinthe + -ism]
Deterioration of the nervous system following excessive use of absinthe.
References in periodicals archive ?
Magnan's absinthism experiments were conducted on guinea pigs that were given concentrated wormwood in sealed glass jars, making the results virtually inapplicable to human drinkers.
In part because a grape bug ravaged many of the vineyards in France, creating a wine shortage and driving up wine prices, the readily available absinthe became a rage in France in the 1880s and 1890s - so much so that the 5 o'clock bell at cafes and cabarets throughout the country became known as l'heure verte (the green hour) and absinthism became its own sub-category of alcoholism.