abducens nerve


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Related to abducens nerve: trochlear nerve

abducens

 [ab-du´senz] (L.)
abducens nerve the sixth cranial nerve; it arises from the pons and supplies the lateral rectus muscle of the eyeball, allowing for motion. Paralysis of the nerve causes diplopia (double vision). See anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices.

ab·du·cent nerve [CN VI]

[TA]
a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye; its origin is in the facial colliculus of the tegmentum of the pons just below the surface of the rhomboid fossa. It emerges from the brain in the fissure between the medulla oblongata and the posterior border of the pons (medullopontine sulcus); it enters the dura of the clivus and passes through the cavernous sinus, entering the orbit through the superior orbital fissure.
Synonym(s): nervus abducens [CN VI] [TA], abducens nerve ☆ , abducent (2) , sixth cranial nerve [CN VI]

abducens nerve

the cranial nerve of vertebrates that supplies the external rectus muscle of the eye (see EYE MUSCLE); it is mainly MOTOR in function.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diabetes combined with hypertension had 2.08 times more incidence of abducens nerve palsy than that of diabetes alone.
KEYWORDS: Gradenigo's syndrome; Otitis media; Abducens nerve palsy.
Anatomically, either involvement of combination of medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) plus abducens nerve nucleus or MLF plus Paramedian pontine reticular formation (PPRF) can cause "one and a half" syndrome.
Intracavernous carotid aneurysm--an unusual cause of isolated abducens nerve palsy.
This A-Z treatment containing some 500 entries from abducens nerve to Zocor covers all aspects of the disease.
In other words, the eye cannot move medially because the message cannot travel to the oculomotor nucleus, via the MLF, from the contralateral abducens nerve. The ability to converge is intact however, since convergence bypasses the abducens nucleus, to reach the oculomotor nucleus directly.
Abducens nerve palsy is a common clinical finding in neurology practice and the etiology of the palsy is complicated.
Dense concentrations of GQ1b ganglioside are found in the oculomotor nerve (cranial nerve III), trochlear nerve (cranial nerve IV) and abducens nerve (cranial nerve VI) of patients with MFS, which may explain the relationship between anti-GQ1b antibodies and ophthalmoplegia.
Augmented Hummelsheim procedure to treat complete abducens nerve palsy.
Succo, "Intracranial complication of rhinosinusitis from actinomycosis of the paranasal sinuses: a rare case of abducens nerve palsy," Case Reports in Otolaryngology, vol.