abdominal surgery


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abdominal surgery

any operation that involves an incision into the abdomen. In preparation for surgery, laboratory, radiographic, and cardiac tests and consultations may be done. Immediately before surgery, body hair is clipped, and skin is cleansed from the nipples to the pubis. Food and fluids by mouth are withheld for up to 6 hours or more before surgery. After surgery, the nurse ensures that the airway is patent and vital signs are stable, checks tubes and catheters, connects drainage tubes to collection containers, checks the dressing for excessive bleeding or drainage, and records fluid intake and output. The patient is turned and is helped to breathe deeply every hour and, if secretions are present, to cough. Medication is given as needed for pain relief. Some kinds of abdominal surgery are appendectomy, cholecystectomy, gastrectomy, herniorrhaphy, and laparotomy. See also acute abdomen.

abdominal surgery

Any operative procedure in which the abdominal cavity is opened, and a surgeon excises or repairs damaged, redundant or malignant tissue.
 
Most common procedures
Inguinal hernia repair, exploratory laparotomy, appendectomy, laparoscopy (often with a cholecystectomy or other –ectomy).

Potential complications
Excessive bleeding, wound infection, incisional hernia, recurrent gastric ulcer, chronic diarrhoea, malnutrition; pain, swelling, redness, drainage or bleeding in the surgical area; headache, muscle aches, dizziness or fever; increased abdominal pain or swelling, constipation, nausea or vomiting; rectal bleeding or black, tarry stools.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders Are Invited for Instrumentarium for abdominal surgery.
A major contribution to the pain experienced by a patient after an abdominal surgery is from the incision made in the abdominal wall.
Introduction: We aimed to assess the effect of previous abdominal surgery on perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing transperitoneal laparoscopic partial (LPN) or radical (LRN) nephrectomy for renal masses.
For abdominal surgery both local infiltration and Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block target on relieving somatic pain.
Background: Laparoscopic liver resection has become an accepted treatment for liver tumors or intrahepatic bile duct stones, but its application in patients with previous upper abdominal surgery is controversial.
Abdominal surgery is the most frequently undertaken surgery type in Australia and New Zealand.
For the small number of patients who cannot take these medications and who have testing which confirms GERD, an abdominal surgery to wrap the top of the stomach around the end of the esophagus, called a fundoplication, has been an effective GERD treatment for several decades.
A systemic review of the PubMed and Google Scholar, and we found the smallest of the cases transmural migration of surgical sponges following abdominal surgery.
Schein's Common Sense Emergency Abdominal Surgery, 4th Edition
MANILA -- Elaine Gamboa Cuneta, 79, passed away due to internal bleeding and complications from abdominal surgery, her family said in a statement on Wednesday.
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a frequent complication of abdominal surgery, particularly in open abdominal procedures involving manipulation of the small or large intestine (Hocevar, Robinson, & Gray, 2010).