abdominal surgery


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abdominal surgery

Any operative procedure in which the abdominal cavity is opened, and a surgeon excises or repairs damaged, redundant or malignant tissue.
 
Most common procedures
Inguinal hernia repair, exploratory laparotomy, appendectomy, laparoscopy (often with a cholecystectomy or other –ectomy).

Potential complications
Excessive bleeding, wound infection, incisional hernia, recurrent gastric ulcer, chronic diarrhoea, malnutrition; pain, swelling, redness, drainage or bleeding in the surgical area; headache, muscle aches, dizziness or fever; increased abdominal pain or swelling, constipation, nausea or vomiting; rectal bleeding or black, tarry stools.
References in periodicals archive ?
Physiotherapy aims to address well-known pathophysiological effects of abdominal surgery on the respiratory system including atelectasis (Duggan and Kavanagh 2005, Hedenstierna and Edmark 2010, Tusman et al 2012), reduced muco-ciliary clearance (Bilgi et al 2011, Gamsu et al 1976, Konrad et al 1993), diaphragm dysfunction (Blaney and Sawyer 1997, Ford et al 1983, Kim et al 2010), reduced lung volumes (Cheifetz et al 2010, Fagevik Olsen et al 2009, Stock et al 1985) and reduced respiratory muscle and cough strength (Barbalho-Moulim et al 2011, Bellinetti and Thomson 2006, Kulkarni et al 2010).
For the small number of patients who cannot take these medications and who have testing which confirms GERD, an abdominal surgery to wrap the top of the stomach around the end of the esophagus, called a fundoplication, has been an effective GERD treatment for several decades.
A systemic review of the PubMed and Google Scholar, and we found the smallest of the cases transmural migration of surgical sponges following abdominal surgery.
Schein's Common Sense Emergency Abdominal Surgery, 4th Edition
* PATIENT'S CLAIM The ObGyn only should have used sharp dissection during the hysterectomy, as opposed to a combination of sharp and blunt dissection, due to dense adhesions that had developed after earlier abdominal surgery. Because the ObGyn had never repaired a vesicovaginal fistula before, he should have requested the assistance of a urologist or urogynecologist.
Although other factors influence the development of paralytic ileus after abdominal surgery, the most common cause is POL After surgery, motility returns to the small intestine within 24 hours, followed by the return of gastric motility within 24-28 hours.
There are three ways that melatonin can be useful for anyone having abdominal surgery like an appendectomy, C-section, hernia, gallbladder surgery, or hysterectomy.
This study is an interventional clinical trial, aimed to compare the efficacy of Propofol alone and Propofol plus Ondansetron for the prevention of nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic abdominal surgery with general anesthesia.
A randomized double-blind comparison of epidural sufentanil versus intravenous sufentanil or epidural fentanyl analgesia after major abdominal surgery. Anesthesia and analgesia 1993;76:1243-50.
Throwing more light on the incidence of incisional hernia, Dr Anoop Panigrahi, Head of Minimal Invasive Surgery Department of RAK Hospital, explained: "A person who gains significant weight after an abdominal surgery, becomes pregnant or participates in activities that increase abdominal pressure like heavy lifting, is most at risk for an incisional hernia.
The risk of incisional hernia increases considerably after each abdominal surgery. In her case, she has had multiple pregnancies and four repeat C-sections, making her abdominal walls very weak and prone to this condition.
Available evidences suggest that early postoperative mobilization following abdominal surgery contributes to improved lung volume which eventually reduces incidences of postoperative pulmonary complications [5, 6].