abdominal quadrants

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ABDOMINAL QUADRANTS

abdominal quadrants

Four parts or divisions of the abdomen determined by drawing imaginary vertical and horizontal lines through the umbilicus. The quadrants and their contents are:

Right upper quadrant (RUQ): right lobe of liver, gallbladder, part of transverse colon, part of pylorus, hepatic flexure, right kidney, and duodenum; Right lower q. (RLQ): cecum, ascending colon, small intestine, appendix, bladder if distended, right ureter, right spermatic duct in the male, right ovary and right tube, and uterus if enlarged in the female; Left upper q. (LUQ): left lobe of liver, stomach, small intestine, transverse colon, splenic flexure, pancreas, left kidney, and spleen; Left lower q. (LLQ): small intestine, left ureter, sigmoid flexure, descending colon, bladder if distended, left spermatic duct in the male; left ovary and left tube, and uterus if enlarged, in the female.

See: illustration
References in periodicals archive ?
Focused assessment with sonography in trauma revealed free fluid in all abdominal quadrants. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen was performed because the diagnosis was not clear (Figures 1-3).
In physical examination, the abdominal quadrants were sensitive to palpation, while no defense or rebound was observed.
She also had abdominal rebound tenderness in her left abdominal quadrants.
Primary EA clinically presents as an abrupt onset of acute, well-localized, nonmigratory abdominal pain, often in the lower abdominal quadrants, that worsens with movement.
SRH usually manifests itself with Lenk's triad that consists of acute-onset flank pain, symptoms associated with internal bleeding, and tenderness in upper and lower abdominal quadrants or bilateral costovertebral angles upon palpation.
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Abdominal distention and decreased bowel sounds in all four abdominal quadrants, without tinkles or rushes, were noted.
Abdominal wall was reconstructed with a monofilament abdominal mesh in the lower abdominal quadrants, together with a ureterocutaneous stomy.
Scanning of the right and left lower abdominal quadrants and para aortic region were performed with the linear probes routinely.
Historically, nurses and physicians have been trained to ascultate daily for at least 5 minutes in each of the four abdominal quadrants (20 minutes total) for the return of bowel sounds after abdominal surgery (Madsen et al., 2005).
Always check the resident for a high impaction by palpating the lower abdominal quadrants when any of the drugs known to cause constipation are in use.
The pain was constant and localized into whole abdominal quadrants. Physical examination revealed marked tenderness in whole abdomen, questionable in terms of peritonitis.