abdominal hypertension

abdominal hypertension

Intra-abdominal pressure, measured in mm Hg, that is greater than atmospheric pressure.
 
Aetiology
Inflammation, trauma, fluid overload, retroperitoneal haematoma, aortic rupture, ileus, bowel obstruction, intra-abdominal masses.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the procedure, a 10-ml syringe was used to relieve abdominal hypertension if the pneumoperitoneum was obvious.
Brienza, "Abdominal hypertension and liver dysfunction in intensive care unit patients: an "on-off" phenomenon?," Transplantation Proceedings, vol.
The problem of abdominal hypertension and the development of abdominal compartment syndrome is now well recognised, but the accurate measurement of intra-abdominal pressure is crucial for the diagnosis.
Energetic resuscitation with intravenous fluids can contribute to the development of pulmonary edema, respiratory failure, prolonged periods of mechanical ventilation, and abdominal hypertension (3,4).
of (in mm of Hg) IAP after operation developed Post patients 0-11 (normal) 3 1 1 12-15 9 3 6 (grade 1 IAH) 16-20 9 4 5 (grade 2 IAH) 21-25 6 4 4 (grade 3 IAH) > 25 3 4 5 (grade 4 IAH) Total 30 16 25 IAP: Intra abdominal pressure, IAH: Intra abdominal hypertension Figure 3: Incidence of mortality in relation to IAP (IAP: Intra abdominal pressure, IAH: Intra abdominal hypertension) 0-11 12.5 (Normal) 12-15 33.33 (grade 1 IAH) 16-20 35.71 (grade 2 IAH) 21-25 40 (grade 3 IAH) >25 55.55 (grade 4 IAH) Note: Table made from bar graph.
In the words of Ivatury (surgery, Virginia Commonwealth U., US), Cheatham (surgical education, Orlando Regional Medical Center, US), Malbrain (intensive care unit, ZiekenhuisNetwerk Antwerpen, Belgium), and Sugrue (trauma, Liverpool Hospital, Australia), abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is "a constellation of the physiological sequelae of increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), termed intra- abdominal hypertension (IAH)." In this work, they provide a current overview of the state of knowledge on ACS and IAH, including historical background, definitions, measurement techniques, prevalence and incidence, interactions with different organ systems, interactions with other pathological conditions, prevention, medical and surgical management, and anesthetic considerations.
Intra Abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal compartment syndrome.
Renal implications of increased intra-abdominal pressure: are the kidneys the canary for abdominal hypertension? Acta Clin Belg Suppl 2007; 1:119-130.
Intra abdominal hypertension after life-threatening penetrating abdominal trauma: Prophylaxis, incidence and clinical relevance to gastric mucosal pH and abdominal compartment syndrome.
(6) In our study significant GI symptoms, enteral feeding failure and length of stay occurred with abdominal hypertension despite an adequate APP.