abdominal examination


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abdominal examination

the physical assessment of a patient's abdomen by visual inspection, auscultation, percussion, and palpation. Visual inspection of the normally oval shape of the abdominal surface while the patient is supine may reveal abnormal surface features indicating the effects of disease, surgery, or injury. Subsurface tumors, fluid accumulation, or hypertrophy of the liver or spleen may be observed as an abnormal surface feature. Auscultation may reveal vascular sounds that provide information about arterial disorders such as aortic aneurysms and bowel sounds that indicate intestinal function. In pregnancy, auscultation can detect fetal heartbeat and blood circulation in the placenta. Percussion helps detect the condition of internal organs. Palpation is used to detect areas of tenderness or rigidity, muscle tone and skin condition, and shapes and sizes of subsurface organs or masses.

Abdominal Examination

A hands-on evaluation of the abdominal cavity to identify abnormalities, if any, based on any change in size, shape, consistency, or sound on percussion of the organs found therein.
Parameters assessed Ascites, ballotability, bowel sounds (normoactive, hyperactive, hypoactive, high-pitched, inaudible, tympanitic), costovertebral angle tenderness, distension, obesity, fluid wave, guarding, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, organomegaly, liver, spleen and kidneys (tender or not), McBurney's point (for appendicitis), Murphy's sign, palpable, nonpalpable, protuberant, rebound tenderness, scaphoid, surgical scars.

abdominal examination

Clinical medicine A hands-on evaluation of the abdominal cavity to identify abnormalities, if any, based on any change in size, shape, consistency, or sound on percussion of the organs found therein. See Abdomen.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abdominal examination revealed a single, firm mass around 10x12cms with irregular boundaries below the umbilicus.
His abdominal examination revealed diffuse tenderness and decreased bowel sounds.
Abdominal examination showed a distended abdomen and flanks appeared full.
Abdominal examination revealed mild tenderness in the paraumbilical region.
She added: "We would notice during an abdominal examination that they might have bruising, the babies showing signs of being distressed.
Abdominal examination revealed left-lower quadrant tenderness.
Abdominal examination revealed the presence of a painful, reducible bulge located between the umbilicus and right anterior superior iliac spine (Figure 2).
Contract awarded for Canasta Ecotomografias Abdominal Examination For Patients 35 To 49 Years And Other People With Risk Factors
On abdominal examination, the abdomen was easy, intestinal sounds were reduced, a sense of fullness was found below the liver and a mass extending from the right middle area to the left upper quadrant was palpable.
8,23 Some workers have suggested that serial physical abdominal examination and CT can help to diagnose intra-abdominal organ injuries while single FAST can often miss GI injuries so there is need to repeat FAST after 12 to 24 hours.
Abdominal examination showed focal abdominal tenderness with slight rebound tenderness.
During the initial pre-dialysis assessment meeting, an abdominal examination should be conducted.