Patient discussion about insulin

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Q. what does an insulin shot do? and what is it good for?

AInsulin is a hormone (substance that controls the activity of the body) that enables muscles and fat to use the glucose (sugar) we get from the diet as a source of energy for activity or for storage as fat. Thus, it lowers the concentration of glucose in the blood. It's produced and secreted from the pancreas, a gland located in the back of the abdomen. When people don't have insulin, or if the body doesn't respond to insulin (essentially diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2, respectively), therapy with insulin helps the body maintain a normal level of glucose. Excessive concentration of glucose in the blood is termed "hyperglycemia" and is deleterious in the long term.

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Q. Why is insulin injected and not taken as a pill?

A1so if that's the case, why can't you use a patch (like a nicotine patch)? wouldn't that do the same trick?
A2Insulin is injected (either into the skin, or, rarely, into the veins) because it's essentially a protein, similar to those in the food, and therefore will be degraded just like the proteins in the food. Therefore, in order for the insulin to reach the blood and other organs of the body (where it acts), it should bypass the gut.

Q. is there an alternative for the Insulin shots? something less painful but yet effective as the old way?

A1Here is a good site on alternative insulin delivery: Hope this helps.
A2there are some trials of insulin pills, although i have no idea how they gonna manage that..insulin is a protein, it's not suppose to pass the digestive system whole. the future holds hope for that- ultrasonic injections may be able to inject insulin painlessly in the future.

Cell transplantation, the process by which insulin-producing cells from non-diabetics are transferred to diabetics have been tried and tested throughout the world, and the process is getting better and better.
and there's that machine that injects insulin throughout the day. don't remember the name...

Q. When will a generic brand of insulin be available?

The cost of insulin seems to be way too high... And with the ever rising population of diabetics, you'd think some other companies would jump unto the bandwagon with a cheaper insulin... what's up with that?
A1Unfortunately, as long as Eli Lilly has an effective monopoly on the American market and docs continue to perscribe the latest "flavor" of insulin, the situation is unlikely to change. Personally, I refuse to use Lilly's products (use Novo Nordisk insulin instead) and am still using the regular and NPH I was using 20 years ago... Also, because Type I diabetes tends to affect children, parents are naturally always seeking the next new thing. Doesn't make for an environment conducive to cheaper alternatives, which is a real shame for us all.
A2Good question. Unfortunately, it's not so simple. Insulin is caught in a commercial tug of war between brand-name drug companies that want to protect their franchises and generic drug makers that want to produce their own insulin products. Here is a very interesting article about this subject:

Q. what exactly an insulin shots do for diabetic people? why do the absents of sugar cause the other side

effects that diabetic people known to suffer from .. such as blindness and walking difficulty ...
A1if you want to know the details of diabetes, its types, causes, organ responsible for this, complication, diagnosis and treatments. Treatments both allopathic and alternative treatments. Please visit
A2Insulin is the hormone that activates the various tissues of the body to uptake glucose from the blood and utilizes it. Diabetic people either don't have the tissue (beta cells of the pancreas) that produce insulin (as in type 1 diabetes) or their tissue don't respond well to insulin so they need more insulin in order to exert it's action (as in type 2 diabetes).

Absence of sugar doesn’t cause blindness - it's called hypoglycemia and is an immediate emergency. Excess of sugar in the blood, called hyperglycemia, is the one that causes the complications of diabetes, including blindness, damage to the kidneys, nerves (which cause problems with the controls of the muscles as well as sensation), non-healing wounds etc. There are many theories about the exact mechanism, but it hasn't yet been elucidated.

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Q. I am 65 Years old and i am diabetic ... what are my options for making my life easier with the insulin shots

and all the other treatments like dialyze and diet and other things i should be aware of ?
Aa women i worked with had type 1 diabetes. she moved around with a small machine attached to her that injected her insulin and measured blood sugar. she said it's a big help and give her a peace of mind.

Q. My husband is diabetic and is living with insulin. He is again having nausea, heartburn, high bloating..

My husband is diabetic and is living with insulin injection. I am paralyzed in one leg and I am home bound. He is the sole earning person in our family to meet our financial needs. He has developed a high stress and depression due to his work which makes him to travel very frequently. He is holding a position in Sales Department. He was given antidepressants. They had helped him to reduce on his stress. But his stomach problems have increased after taking antidepressants. He is again having nausea, heartburn, high bloating and he even eats less as he feels himself full. This is giving stress to him and his depression is increasing again. What do we do? He is living a terrible life.
AStomach problem like Gastroparesis is associated with type 1 diabetes. His diabetes with high work related stress has increased his depression problem as well. Persons having antidepressants can have these symptoms of gastro paresis which gets doubled with diabetes. You must meet your doctor and proceed with the treatment. This can also happen due to poor sugar control. He can eat 6-7 meals per day instead of regular three meals this will be of good help.
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