Patient discussion about Factors

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Q. What Are the Risk Factors for Developing Stroke?

My father had a stroke recently, at the age of 73. What are the risk factors for developing this?
A1Primary risk factors include:

1) smoking
2) excessive alcohol intake
3) uncontrolled high blood pressure
4) high cholesterol
5) overweight/unhealthy diet
6) illegal drugs/abuse of Rx drugs
7) known or unknown heart problems
8) diabetes
9) known or unknown vascular brain defects - aneurysm, etc.
10)family history of stroke
A2The major risk factor for developing stroke (or- CVA) is chronic hypertension. Hypertension accounts for 35-50% of stroke risk. High cholesterol and lipid levels are also major risk factors. Other factors include- obesity, diabetes, smoking and drinking alcohol, not watching a healthy diet and not exercising enough. Drug use (for example cocaine) is another risk factor. People with heart problems such as atrial fibrillation are also more suceptible.
A3Stroke is the rapidly developing loss of brain functions due to a disturbance in the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain. Among the known risk factors for developing this are chronic hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia, smoking, alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and more.

Q. Regarding risk-factor assessment?

Hello, I am……….., I heard ACSM has recently issued a new edition of its exercise guidelines. Were any changes made regarding risk-factor assessment?
AAre you fitness professional? I understand that you are very much interested in food guidelines. It can be difficult to keep up with the latest guidelines and standards. This is particularly true this year, which has seen new USDA Food Guidelines in January, a revised Food Pyramid in May and, most recently, the release of the 7th edition of ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. The good news is that the ACSM risk factors have been minimally revised. For your reference, here is a summary of what has and has not changed for the 2006 edition.

Q. Is obesity a risk factor for Dementia?

A1The answer is YES. In fact, many of the risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure, blood glucose levels, insulin resistance, and overweight, are also risk factors for dementia, in addition to genetic predisposition for the disease.
A2Obesity is when excess body fat accumulates in one to where this overgrowth makes the person unhealthy to varying degrees. Obesity is different than being overweight, as it is of a more serious concern. As measured by one’s body mass index (BMI), one’s BMI of 25 to 30 kg/m is considered overweight. If their BMI is 30 to 35 kg/m, they are class I obese, 35 to 40 BMI would be class II obese, and any BMI above 40 is class III obesity. Presently, with obesity affecting children progressively more, the issue of obesity has become a serious public health concern.
Approximately half of all children under the age of 12 are either obese are overweight. About twenty percent of children ages 2 to 5 years old are either obese are overweight. Worldwide, nearly one and a half billion people are either obese or overweight. In the United States, about one third of adults are either obese or overweight. It is now predicted that, for the first time in about 150 years, our life expectancy is supp
A3i say yes too- the reason i think is because obesity can cause micro thromboses to move around and damage oxygen to small parts of the brain. that can (in the long term) cause dementia.

Q. Are there genetic factors involving allergies?

My entire family suffers from different allergies. It is clear that there is a connection, is that true?
A1The risk of allergic sensitization and the development of allergies varies with age, with young children most at risk. It is known that there is a strong genetic relation and allergies are usually common among family members. Ethnicity may play a role in some allergies, however racial factors have been difficult to separate from environmental influences and changes due to migration.
A2Yes, allergic diseases are strongly familial. I are likely to have the same allergic diseases about 70% of the time; the same allergy occurs about 40% of the time in non-identical twins. Allergic parents are more likely to have allergic children, and their allergies are likely to be more severe than those from non-allergic parents. Some allergies, however, are not consistent along genes. Parents who are allergic to peanuts may have children who are allergic to ragweed. It seems that the likelihood of developing allergies is inherited and related to an irregularity in the immune system, but the specific allergen is not.
A3there is a great connection. but it's not unlikely that it's genetic and environmental in your family... to try and figure this out you can see if there were allergies in the family way back. here's something to think about:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hygiene_hypothesis

Q. What are the risk factors involved?

How come alcohol abuse may start to become alcoholism and what are the risk factors involved?
A1MOST people do not plan to become alcoholics,it happens because your body(system)become adjusted to the (drug)alcohol,and the person becomes dependent on it to feel good,plus the things edmund said----mrfoot56
A2Regular drinking slowly increases the amount with age and also with every tension they link with their good time with alcohol drinking and soon they follow this practice and lead to abuse and slowly it becomes dependent when the factor like growing age, genetics, family history and emotional disorders are evident.

Q. What are the factors which may lead to depression in a person?

A1How an individual handles stress on the job and at home.
How an individual handles family and health issues.
How one deals with grief.
How one deals with their anger.
How one deals with guilt.
Hom much you exercise or do physical activities.
How well you sleep or get rest.
How one deals with tragedies, accidents, or misfortunes.
Basically in a nutshell, how one copes with whatever situations occur.


A2there are no concrete causes to depression. but generally you can devide them to 3:
Biochemical - people with depression have physical changes in their brains. The significance of these changes is still uncertain but may eventually help pinpoint causes.

Genetic - depression is more common in people whose biological family members also have the condition.

Environmental - environmental causes are situations in your life that are difficult to cope with, such as the loss of a loved one, financial problems and high stress.


A3A depression may enter a person due to many reasons like (1) Due to intake of some medications like beta blockers which are used to treat high BP. (2) Due to any dispute with any person, basically friends or family. (3) Due to any physical or emotional abuse (4) due to death of any loved one. (5) Due to event like losing a job or income. (6) Aloofness from the society (7) any serious and major illness. These are the possible well known reason for the occurrence of depression in any.

Q. What are the Risk Factors for Developing Colon Cancer?

I was told that eating red meat increases the risk for developing colon cancer. Is that true? What other risk factors are there for developing this disease?
A1Today there are many known risk factors for developing colon cancer, some are hereditary and some are environmental. Age also plays an important role, and it is more common to develop this cancer in the age of 60 and 70. Developing colon cancer before the age of 50 is uncommon, unless there is a family history of colon cancer at a younger age, or family syndromes such as FAP or HNPCC. Among the environmental factors are smoking, drinking alcohol, high-fat diet such as in red meat, low-fiber diet (not consuming enough vegetables for example) and more.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Stomach_colon_rectum_diagram.svg
A2The lifetime risk of developing colon cancer in the United States is about 7%. Some factors are known to increase a person's risk of developing the disease, among them are: Age over 50, family history of colon cancer, personal history of other cancers, colon polyps, smoking, consumption of alcohol and yes, even certain nutrition factors such as a diet rich with red meat and poor with fresh fruit and vegetables. In addition, there are other colon diseases that cause increased risk for the development of cancer, for instance- ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. Performing diagnostic colonoscopy every few years helps to detect the cancer at its earliest stage and is therefore recommended to specific people with known risk factors.
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