Zenker diverticulum

pha·ryn·go·e·soph·a·ge·al di·ver·tic·u·lum

most common diverticulum of the esophagus; a pulsion diverticulum developing between the inferior pharyngeal constrictor and the cricopharyngeus muscle. May occur with dysphasia or foul-smelling breath in old people.

pha·ryn·go·e·soph·a·ge·al diverticulum

(fă-ring'gō-ĕ-sŏf-ā'jē-ăl dī'vĕr-tik'yū-lŭm)
Most common diverticulum of the esophagus; arises between the inferior pharyngeal constrictor and the cricopharyngeus muscle.
Synonym(s): hypopharyngeal diverticulum, Zenker diverticulum, pharyngo-oesophageal diverticulum.

Zenker diverticulum

Herniation of the mucous membrane of the esophagus through a defect in the wall of the esophagus. It is usually located in the posterior hypopharyngeal wall. Small diverticuli are asymptomatic. Large ones trap food and may cause esophageal obstruction, dysphagia, or the regurgitation of food. Treatment is by surgery or endoscopy.

Zenker,

Friedrich Albert von, German pathologist, 1825-1898.
formol-Zenker fixative - Zenker fixative in which glacial acetic acid has been replaced by formalin.
Zenker degeneration - a form of severe hyaline degeneration or necrosis in skeletal muscle, occurring in severe infections. Synonym(s): waxy degeneration; Zenker necrosis
Zenker diverticulum - common diverticulum of the esophagus, arises between the inferior pharyngeal constrictor and the cricopharyngeus muscle. Synonym(s): pharyngoesophageal diverticulum
Zenker fixative - a rapid fixative.
Zenker necrosis - Synonym(s): Zenker degeneration
Zenker paralysis - paresthesia and paralysis in the area of the external popliteal nerve.
References in periodicals archive ?
A barium swallow confirmed the presence of a large Zenker diverticulum (figure 1).
A Zenker diverticulum is a pulsion-type diverticulum, with an estimated incidence of 2 per 100,000.
Urken, "Endoscopic stapling technique for the treatment of Zenker diverticulum vs standard open-neck technique a direct comparison and charge analysis," Archives of Otolaryngology, vol.
Richardson, "Zenker diverticulum: a rare complication after anterior cervical fusion," Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques, vol.
Among the conditions addressed are laryngospasm, rheumatoid arthritis, schizophrenia, postpolio syndrome, tetanus, toxic caustic ingestion, Wallenberg syndrome, West Nile virus, Wilson disease, and Zenker diverticulum, among many others.
Computed tomography (CT) and a barium swallow showed an air-fluid level in a left-sided Zenker diverticulum (ZD) measuring 12 x 8.3 cm, extending from the C3-C4 intervertebral space to mid-T3 level and displacing the trachea to the right (figures 1 and 2).
In this case, the finding of the Zenker diverticulum was misleading.
A barium swallow was obtained (figure 1), which revealed a proximal diverticulum that did not appear like a typical Zenker diverticulum. The patient was taken to the operating room for endoscopic diverticulotomy.
A chest x-ray revealed evidence of aspiration pneumonia and a large mediastinal mass with an air-fluid level that caused anterior tracheal deviation, consistent with a possible Zenker diverticulum (ZD).
The incidence of Zenker diverticulum is at least four times greater than the incidence of K-J diverticulum.
(10) Other conditions that should be considered in the differential diagnosis are Zenker diverticulum, laryngocele, esophageal diverticulum, an artificial pouch, cricopharyngeal spasm, foreign body, neurologic disease, myopathies, and globus hystericus.
Endoscopic treatment for Zenker diverticulum (ZD) has become the method of choice in most patients.