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Ayurvedic medicine
Any of a number of poses used in yoga, usually part of a routine of exercises, practised daily for 10–20 minutes; asana aid in neuromuscular integration and may stimulate the activity of certain organs. Each of the more popular asanas are believed to have some form of therapeutic benefit.

Popular asanas
Boat pose
A position that strengthens the back muscles and vertebral column, and helps in digestion.

Cobra pose
A serpentine position that improves digestion.

Corpse pose
A position of complete relaxation, which is believed to be effective in treating back pain, stress and hypertension.

Dancer pose
A position that helps improve balance, open the nasal passages, strengthen the hips and thighs and combat fatigue.

Easy bridge pose
A position that reduces back pain and fatigue, hypertension, improves the circulation to the head and stimulates the endocrine system.

Half-boat pose
A less strenuous form of the boat pose.

Lion pose
A breathing exercise that relaxes facial muscles and eases tension.

Mountain pose
A position that is the basis for all other poses; it teaches correct posture, and is believed to slow the progression of osteoporosis.
Standing sun pose
A position believed to improve neural function, constipation, bladder problems and loosen the hips and shoulders.

Seated sun pose
A position that is believed to help in digestion and impotence, and strengthen leg muscles.

Tree pose
A position that tones the legs, and improves balance, concentration and breathing.

Windmill pose
A position that loosens the hips, lower back and improves breathing.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


(os′ă-nă) [Sanskrit āsana, sitting down]
Any yoga posture employed in traditional Indian healing for flexibility, strength, relaxation, and mental discipline.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners


Yoga posture or stance.
Mentioned in: Hatha Yoga
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1: Showing Scores of Psychological Scales Group PGIMS Basal Post Pranayam 77.93 [+ or -] 4.38 92.88 [+ or -] 3.89*** (n=50; male=30, female=20) Yogasana 79.90 [+ or -] 4.70 81.24 [+ or -] 2.30 (n=50; male=38, female=12) Group HAM-A Basal Post Pranayam 50.26 [+ or -] 5.44 32.60 [+ or -] 2.57 (n=50; male=30, female=20) Yogasana 56.67 [+ or -] 6.56 45.53 [+ or -] 4.48 (n=50; male=38, female=12) Group PGWB Basal Post Pranayam 87.78 [+ or -] 5.78 98.44 [+ or -] 2.97*** (n=50; male=30, female=20) Yogasana 90.16 [+ or -] 8.40 97.86 [+ or -] 3.23* (n=50; [+ or -] 8.40 male=38, female=12) Values are mean [+ or -] SD, ***p-value <0.001, *p-value<0.01 as compared to the basal values.
Effect of yogasanas on the visual and auditory reaction time.
They then carried out "Yogasanas, Pranayama and Meditation" 80 minutes, twice a day for six months, under supervision, in a prescribed manner, at R.
Effect of specific "yogasanas" on cardiovascular autonomic function test.
68 Type 2 diabetic patients were recruited in the study, 34 of them (test group) practiced specific yogasanas and pranayama for 45-60 minutes/day, for 6 days in a week, over a period of 6 months.
In our study, HbA1c levels were less in the test group than in the controls because yogasanas and pranayama normalized the increased plasma glucose levels by increasing the peripheral uptake of glucose or by increasing the pancreatic insulin secretion.