Yersinia pestis

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Yer·sin·i·a pes·tis

a bacterial species causing plague in humans, rodents, and many other mammalian species and transmitted from rat to rat and from rat to humans by the rat flea, Xenopsylla; it is the type species of the genus Yersinia.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Yer·sin·i·a pes·tis

(yĕr-sin'ē-ă pes'tis)
A bacterial species that causes plague in humans, rodents, cats, and many other mammals; it is transmitted from rat to rat and from rat to human host by as many as 30 species of flea, including the rat flea Xenopsylla; the bacterium can also be transmitted by aerosol droplets dispersed by humans or animals (especially cats) manifesting a pneumonic form of plague, or by deliberate dissemination by means of an aerosol mechanism as a form of bioterrorism; the bacterium is the type species of the genus Yersinia.
Synonym(s): Kitasato bacillus.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


Alexandre Émil Jean, Swiss bacteriologist and surgeon, 1863-1943.
Yersinia enterocolitica - a species causing yersiniosis.
Yersinia pestis - a species causing plague. Synonym(s): Kitasato bacillus
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis - a species causing pseudotuberculosis in birds and rodents; rarely in humans Synonym(s): Pasteurella pestis
yersiniosis - infectious disease caused by Yersinia enterocolitica.
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Determination of the virulence of the pigmentation-deficient and pigmentation-/plasminogen activator-deficient strains of Yersinia pestis in non-human primate and mouse models of pneumonic plague.
Yersinia pestis exhibit a very slow growth at the temperature between 35[degrees]C and 37[degrees]C but they grow very fast at the temperature 28[degrees]C.
Kimi decided to speak out to make sure other dog owners know about yersinia pestis.
Meng et al., "Determination of sRNA expressions by RNA-seq in Yersinia pestis grown in vitro and during infection," PLoS ONE, vol.
Once the diagnosis was confirmed, investigators tested the family dog, and determined that it, too, had been bitten by an infected flea and had recovered (on its own) from a Yersinia pestis infection.
Yersinia pestis (simulated blood culture) was the second agent of interest provided in the LPS-A exercise.
Bubonic plague is the best known manifestation of the plague, caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Yersinia pestis (formerly known as Pasteurella pestis).
The product line ranges from adipocytes (fat cells) to Yersinia pestis (black death), but our three favorites are Epstein-Barr virus (pretty in pink), "multiple-resistant" (sic) Staphylococcus aureus (for some reason, it comes with a cape), and that current media darling, H1N1.
Pneumonic plague is a highly virulent form of the plague, caused when the bacterium Yersinia pestis, which causes plague, infects the lungs.