xylene

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xy·lol

(zī'lol),
A volatile liquid obtained from coal tar, having physical and chemical properties similar to those of benzene; it occurs as three isomers; m-, o-, and p-xylol; used as a solvent, in the manufacture of chemicals and synthetic fibers, and in histology as a clearing agent.
Synonym(s): dimethylbenzene, xylene
References in periodicals archive ?
The main aromatic hydrocarbons present in gasoline are benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene isomers, also known as BTEX8, benzene being the simplest and most common representative of these aromatics, both because of its composition and the fact that it is always present in mixtures.
* Detailed information of all active plants and planned Xylenes projects in Russia with capacity forecasts to 2019 and additional details such as process, technology, operator and equity
* Detailed information of all active plants and planned Xylenes projects in Korea with capacity forecasts to 2019 and additional details such as process, technology, operator and equity
Paraxylene is the most important product on the market for xylenes. Market value totaled US$51 billion in 2013.
Tables 2 and 3 show the toluene conversion and xylenes selectivity's obtained for the unmodified and modified catalysts, respectively.
The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method 8020B was used for analysis of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes, and naphthalene (BTEX) in soil/sediment samples.
Chemicals that were present in the examined industries were formaldehyde (R23/24/25, R34, R40, R43) in the textile and the wood processing industries, toluene (R11, R38, R48/20, R63, R65, R67), xylene (R10, R20/21, R38J, butanol (R10, R22, R37/38, R41, R67), styrene (R10, R36) and benzene (R11, R45, R48/23/24/25) in the wood processing industry, hydrogen fluoride (R26, R27, R28, R35, R41) in the plastic industry, isopropanol (R11, R36, R67) in the printing industry and welding gases in the mechanical industry.
Miscellaneous metal parts and products surface coating operations emit a number of toxic air pollutants including xylenes, toluene, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, phenol, ethyl benzene and glycol ethers.
This (Naval Research Laboratory) project has the objective to determine the extent to which intrinsic bioremediation is occurring in groundwater contaminated with: gasoline; benzene; ethylbenzene; toluene; xylenes; methyl-tertbutyl ether (MTBB); and trichloroethylene (TCE).
Those of potential interest are cadmium and compounds, chromium and compounds, lead and compounds, nickel and compounds, and the solvents benzene, toluene, xylenes, carbon tetrachloride and trichloroethylene.
The two lists also include many of the organic compounds typically found in waste oil, organic binders, sea coal and coke, such as acetone, benzene, 2,4-dimethylphenol, ethylbenzene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, naphthalene, 2methylnapthalene, phenol, dimethyl phthalate, phenanthrene, tetrachloroethylene, toluene, cresols, and xylenes.