XDR-TB


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XDR-TB

abbr.
extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis

XDR-TB

extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis.
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Total (n) 80 Male (n) Female (n) 51 29 Table 2: Prevalence of MDR- and XDR-TB strains Total no.
The future with regard to MDR--and XDR-TB in the coming decades looks to be grim, because we are rapidly losing very effective drugs, like quinolones, for their management.
The existence of XDR-TB cases is a reflection of weaknesses in tuberculosis management.
Globally each year, there are more than 400,000 new cases of MDR-TB and 40,000 of XDR-TB.
A virtually untreatable form of the respiratory disease, known as extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, or XDR-TB, was recorded in 45 countries.
AN asylum seeker is in hospital with the UK's first case of a deadly new strain of tuberculosis - the drugresistant XDR-TB.
XDR-TB was first reported in November 2005, and within a year, the WHO convened an Emergency Task Force to address the issue.
Recent reports of the globe-trotting, noncompliant patient, with the extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis XDR-TB, reminded me how challenging -- and worrisome -- it is to care for those ill with difficult-to-treat contagious diseases who do not adhere to therapy.
Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis, more commonly known as XDR-TB, was first reported in the medical community in November 2005.
NTSS data were analyzed for reported XDR-TB cases during 1993-2006; a total of 49 cases (3% of evaluable multidrug-resistant [MDR] TB cases) met the revised case definition for XDR TB.
All 53 patients infected with XDR-TB were from KwaZulu Natal, an area of South Africa in which the TB/HIV coinfection rate is greater than 80%.