Wrynecks | definition of Wrynecks by Medical dictionary
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a contracted state of the cervical muscles, producing torsion of the neck; the deformity may be congenital, hysterical, or secondary to conditions such as pressure on the accessory nerve, inflammation of glands in the neck, or muscle spasm. Called also wryneck
Torticollis. From Dorland's, 2000.
tor·ti·col·lis (tōr'ti-kol'is), [MIM*189600]
A contraction, or shortening, of the muscles of the neck, chiefly those supplied by the accessory nerve (NXI); the head is drawn to one side and usually rotated so that the chin points to the other side.
See also: dystonia
[L. tortus, twisted, + collum, neck]
n.A focal dystonia consisting of one-sided contracture with palpable induration of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing the chin to turn towards the opposite side and the head to rotate towards the lesion; wryneck is accompanied by facial muscle dysplasia
b. A person with torticollis.
Aetiology Congenital form—unclear—possibly due to in utero or peripartum trauma to venous drainage, causing asymmetric development of the face and skull; the later it is recognised, the more likely it will require surgery
wryneck Congenital torticollis, torticollis A focal dystonia consisting of one-sided contracture awith palpable induration of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing the chin to turn towards the opposite side and the head to rotate towards the lesion; WN is accompanied by facial muscle dysplasia Etiology Congenital form– unclear–possibly due to in utero or peripartum trauma to venous drainage, causing asymmetric development of the face and skull; the later WN is recognized, the more likely surgical intervention is required
References in periodicals archive
Bridgend Council's ecologist, Steve Moon, spotted the rare woodpecker, called a wryneck
, on Lock's Common, Porthcawl, while out walking his dog.
Last week's Wryneck
remained at Cemlyn Bay throughout the week, enabling photographers to get stunning images of this mini-woodpecker feeding on ants with its long tongue.
Bardsey hosted a Red-breasted Flycatcher, Hawfinch, Wrynecks
, Turtle Dove and Red-throated Pipit.
have been found all over the island, well quite a few anyway.