World Health Organization


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World Health Organization

 (WHO)
the specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with health on an international level. The agency was founded in 1948 and in its constitution are listed the following objectives:

Health is a state of complete physical and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The enjoyment of the highest attainable standards of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, or economic or social condition. The health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security and is dependent upon the fullest cooperation of individuals and States. The achievement of any State in the promotion and protection of health is of value to all.

The major specific aims of the WHO are:

1. To strengthen the health services of member nations, improving the teaching standards in medicine and allied professions, and advising and helping generally in the field of health.

2. To promote better standards for nutrition, housing, recreation, sanitation, and economic and working conditions.

3. To improve maternal and child health and welfare.

4. To advance progress in the field of mental health.

5. To encourage and conduct research on problems of public health.

In carrying out these aims and objectives the WHO functions as a directing and coordinating authority on international health. It serves as a center for all types of global and health information, promotes uniform guarantee standards and international sanitary regulations, provides advisory services through public health experts in control of disease, and sets up international standards for the manufacture of all important drugs. Through its teams of physicians, nurses, and other health personnel it provides modern medical skills and knowledge to communities throughout the world.

World Health Or·ga·ni·za·tion (WHO),

(wŏrld helth ōr'ga-ni-zā'shŭn),
An organization of the United Nations having as its aim "the attainment of all peoples of the highest possible level of health" (Article 1, UN Charter). It is concerned in particular with major health problems the solutions for which warrant the cooperation of many countries, such as campaigns against transmissible diseases, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. It establishes international standards for biologic preparations and norms for substances such as insecticides, maintains a current international pharmacopeia and international health regulations, collects and disseminates epidemiologic information, and encourages the exchange of scientific knowledge. Regional programs promote mental health, maternal and child care, dental health, public health administration, and education of both the health care professions and the public in health matters. It conducts an extensive research program, convenes numerous international scientific meetings, and publishes periodicals and reports in several languages. It also plays an important role in the standardization of medical terminology.

World Health Or·ga·ni·za·tion

(WHO) (wŏrld helth ōr'găn-ī-zā'shŭn)
A unit of the United Nations devoted to international health problems.

World Health Organization

An organization of major importance established in 1948 as an agency of the United Nations to promote the health of all peoples. The Headquarters of WHO is in Geneva and there are regional offices for all continents. WHO organizes campaigns against infectious diseases and sponsors research in medical laboratories all over the world. It provides expert advice on all matters directly or indirectly concerned with physical or mental health to all its member states. The eradication of SMALLPOX was a major achievement of WHO and in 1981 the organization adopted a policy of health for all by the year 2000. This is an unrealistic goal since so much depends on economic factors, but WHO has formulated specific targets for the provision of such fundamental public health needs as clean drinking water, sewage disposal, adequate nutrition, universal immunization programs and assaults on the major health hazard of smoking.

World Health Organization (WHO)

An international organization concerned with world health and welfare.

World Health Or·ga·ni·za·tion

(WHO) (wŏrld helth ōr'găn-ī-zā'shŭn)
Branch of the United Nations having as its aim "the attainment of all peoples of the highest possible level of health" (Article 1, UN Charter).
References in periodicals archive ?
In comments submitted to a World Health Organization formal consultation on disclosure timing policy in April, the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America noted "there may be infrequent instances where companies may regard certain data elements as sensitive for competitive reasons and wish to delay public disclosure."
Sources: centers for Disease control; World Health Organization
(3) REQUESTS the Director General to assist Member States, at their request, making use of ICF" (World Health Organization, 2001).
TOBACCO: If developing nations want to avert a dramatic rise in smoking-related deaths, they must raise taxes on tobacco, restrict cigarette advertising and fund education campaigns, World Health Organization Director General Gro Harlem Brundtland told attendees at a tobacco control conference in Brussels..
In 1990, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund, the United Nations Development Fund, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the World Bank sponsored the Children's Vaccine Initiative (CVI) to pursue this goal.
The World Health Organization: School Health Initiatives
Tribune News Network Doha The Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), in cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO), recently organised a training course on 'Evaluation of Bioequivalence Studies for Pharmaceuticals and Related Statistics' for 20 pharmacists and chemists working in the Drug Registration and Pricing Sections and the Drug Quality Control Laboratory.
GENEVA, May 23 (KUNA) -- World Health Organization (WHO) announced on Wednesday that a total of 58 Ebola virus cases have been reported, including 27 deaths in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
July 28, 2017 is World Hepatitis Day, an annual day of observance established by the World Health Organization to promote awareness and understanding of viral hepatitis.
United Nations, Dhu-AlQa'dah 07, 1437, August 10, 2016, SPA -- The World Health Organization expressed deep gratitude for the humanitarian aid provided by King Salman Center for relief and humanitarian work and its continued support for the work of the organization in Yemen.
In this volume, the World Health Organization provides guidelines for the treatment of malaria, with updates based on new evidence related to dosing in children and including recommendations on the use of drugs to prevent malaria in high-risk groups.
Various local, national and international events are arranged to educate the public and policy makers about a specific aspect of the World Health Organization's work.

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