workaholic

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Related to Work addiction: workaholism

work·a·hol·ic

(werk-ă-hol'ik),
A person who manifests a compulsive need to work, even at the expense of family responsibilities, social life, and health.
[by analogy with alcoholic]

Although increasingly recognized as a source of emotional distress, social malfunctioning, and physical illness, the pathologic need of some people to invest all their energy in goal-directed and intensive labor has not been deeply studied, nor is it named or defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). The workaholic may engage in physical or mental work or a combination of the two, and may work for an individual or a company, be self-employed, or engage in volunteer activities without remuneration. The typical workaholic seems incapable of relaxing and uses work not only as a source of livelihood but also as a form of recreation, substituting it for leisure pastimes such as socialization, hobbies, sports, and artistic and cultural pursuits. In this sense, work assumes the function of an addictive drug. Workaholics tend to postpone or omit meals, stay at work after others have gone home and even keep working until late at night, put in excessive amounts of overtime (sometimes failing to claim due compensation), and abuse nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, and other agents to assuage stress and withstand fatigue. The workaholic lifestyle is a common feature of various personality disorders, including a compulsion to achieve success, recognition, or advancement in one's chosen field of endeavor; a morbid absorption in the acquisition of wealth; and a need to immerse oneself in work as a distraction from the stresses or dissatisfactions of daily life. Some workaholic behavior is driven by family, social, or cultural expectations. Many workaholics manifest a compulsion to work even in childhood; some seem to be influenced by the example of a successful, driving parent, relative, family friend, or public figure. A workholic mentality may be engendered or fostered by an unduly demanding employer, or by one who makes overtime work either compulsory or highly rewarding as a means of limiting the total work force and thus curtailing the expense of fringe benefits. Long-term health effects of overwork include chronic fatigue, a decline in general health, increased incidence of illnesses and injuries, weight gain, increased use of tobacco and alcohol, deterioration of cognitive performance, emotional lability and depression, and increased mortality. In Japan, death from overwork (karoshi) is formally recognized as a compensable form of occupational disorder. Japanese courts have ruled that deaths from heart failure, stroke, and even suicide are examples of karoshi.

Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

workaholic

(wûr′kə-hô′lĭk, -hŏl′ĭk)
n.
One who has a compulsive and unrelenting need to work.

work′a·hol′ism n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

work·a·hol·ic

(wŏrk'ă-hol'ik)
A person who manifests a compulsive need to work, even at the expense of family responsibilities, social life, and health.
[by analogy with alcoholic]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

workaholic

A colloquial term for a person addicted to occupational or productive pursuits who has difficulty relaxing or enjoying familial, social, or leisure activities.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypothesis 5 states that work addiction and conflict (both forms) contribute to increasing turnover intention.
Work addiction. We used the Work Addiction Questionnaire (WAQ; Aziz, Uhrich, Wuensch, & Swords, 2013) in the present study to measure work addiction.
The goal of the current study is to determine if the variables, as shown in Table 3, are risk factors for work addiction among school counselors.
* Work Addiction Risk Test (WART) Robinsona [11] w polskiej adaptacji Wojdylo [27]--polskie opracowanie ma strukture czynnikowa nieco inna niz wersja oryginalna i sklada sie na nia obsesja/kompulsja, emocjonalne pobudzenie/perfekcjonizm, przeciazenie praca, orientacja na wynik i poczucie wlasnej wartosci;
The Work Addiction Risk Test: Development of a tentative measure of workaholism.
The work addiction literature includes different conceptual frameworks and typologies which are important to briefly review in attempting to explain whether a particular behavior pattern is or is not work addiction.
A structural and discriminate analysis of the Work Addiction Risk Test.
Ishiyama and Kitayama (1994) suggested that work addiction keeps people from facing the existential task of defining who they are.
The theoretical underpinnings of work addiction have, at its core, similar, dynamic features with other addictions such as alcoholism (e.g., Porter, 1996).
Workaholics Anonymous offers suggestions on how to live happily, joyously and free from work addiction one day at a time:
The subject of work addiction in the mental health literature has been downplayed or ignored presumably because it is difficult to define workaholism and to reach workaholics, who are an obscure population (Robinson, 1996).
Two major roadblocks stand in the way of spiritually enlightened decisions: work addiction and passivity.