workaholic

(redirected from Work addiction)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Work addiction: workaholism

work·a·hol·ic

(werk-ă-hol'ik),
A person who manifests a compulsive need to work, even at the expense of family responsibilities, social life, and health.
[by analogy with alcoholic]

Although increasingly recognized as a source of emotional distress, social malfunctioning, and physical illness, the pathologic need of some people to invest all their energy in goal-directed and intensive labor has not been deeply studied, nor is it named or defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). The workaholic may engage in physical or mental work or a combination of the two, and may work for an individual or a company, be self-employed, or engage in volunteer activities without remuneration. The typical workaholic seems incapable of relaxing and uses work not only as a source of livelihood but also as a form of recreation, substituting it for leisure pastimes such as socialization, hobbies, sports, and artistic and cultural pursuits. In this sense, work assumes the function of an addictive drug. Workaholics tend to postpone or omit meals, stay at work after others have gone home and even keep working until late at night, put in excessive amounts of overtime (sometimes failing to claim due compensation), and abuse nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, and other agents to assuage stress and withstand fatigue. The workaholic lifestyle is a common feature of various personality disorders, including a compulsion to achieve success, recognition, or advancement in one's chosen field of endeavor; a morbid absorption in the acquisition of wealth; and a need to immerse oneself in work as a distraction from the stresses or dissatisfactions of daily life. Some workaholic behavior is driven by family, social, or cultural expectations. Many workaholics manifest a compulsion to work even in childhood; some seem to be influenced by the example of a successful, driving parent, relative, family friend, or public figure. A workholic mentality may be engendered or fostered by an unduly demanding employer, or by one who makes overtime work either compulsory or highly rewarding as a means of limiting the total work force and thus curtailing the expense of fringe benefits. Long-term health effects of overwork include chronic fatigue, a decline in general health, increased incidence of illnesses and injuries, weight gain, increased use of tobacco and alcohol, deterioration of cognitive performance, emotional lability and depression, and increased mortality. In Japan, death from overwork (karoshi) is formally recognized as a compensable form of occupational disorder. Japanese courts have ruled that deaths from heart failure, stroke, and even suicide are examples of karoshi.

workaholic

(wûr′kə-hô′lĭk, -hŏl′ĭk)
n.
One who has a compulsive and unrelenting need to work.

work′a·hol′ism n.

work·a·hol·ic

(wŏrk'ă-hol'ik)
A person who manifests a compulsive need to work, even at the expense of family responsibilities, social life, and health.
[by analogy with alcoholic]

workaholic

A colloquial term for a person addicted to occupational or productive pursuits who has difficulty relaxing or enjoying familial, social, or leisure activities.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sports coaches represent one population that exhibits numerous characteristics associated with work addiction (see Anshel, 2012, & Gallucci, 2008, for brief reviews).
Though Kelley's research did not address work addiction directly, she implied that the combination of external demands and the coach's personal needs to succeed contribute to work patterns that reflect properties of work addiction.
As indicated earlier, apparently unknown is the extent to which work addiction is prevalent among sports coaches, particularly at the elite (university) level.
Sources of these questions were adapted for sports coaches from the Work Addiction Risk Test (WART; Robinson, 1989, 2007), a 25-item Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (never true) to 4 (always true), which is a quantitative measure of work addiction.
At the conclusion of each interview, the coaches were debriefed concerning the purpose of the study, and informed about the research question that addressed evidence of work addiction in sports coaching, in general, and in their own work habits, in particular.
A total of 229 quotes, which varied in length from three words to four sentences, comprised the raw data for the ICA, and which generated higher-order and lower-order themes describing components of work addiction.
The objective criterion for the selection of original quotes to be subject to content analyses consisted of the two research assistants reaching mutual agreement that a particular quote was associated with Robinson's (2007) conceptual framework of work addiction, and as depicted in the 25 WART items (described earlier).
A total of seven higher-order themes and 19 lower-order themes were identified in exploring work addiction among the coaches based on the ICA.
Deterioration of both physical and mental health is not uncommon manifestations of work addiction.
These quotations lend additional credence to the work addiction construct for both male and female sports coaches, at least at the elite (university) level.
This sub-dimension covered the extent to which sports coaches have negative feelings about their work, a feature common in work addiction (Robinson, 1999, 2000).
More closely allied with work addiction were the unpleasant feelings and emotions associated with their coaching position and responsibilities.