workaholic

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Related to Work addiction: workaholism

work·a·hol·ic

(werk-ă-hol'ik),
A person who manifests a compulsive need to work, even at the expense of family responsibilities, social life, and health.
[by analogy with alcoholic]

Although increasingly recognized as a source of emotional distress, social malfunctioning, and physical illness, the pathologic need of some people to invest all their energy in goal-directed and intensive labor has not been deeply studied, nor is it named or defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). The workaholic may engage in physical or mental work or a combination of the two, and may work for an individual or a company, be self-employed, or engage in volunteer activities without remuneration. The typical workaholic seems incapable of relaxing and uses work not only as a source of livelihood but also as a form of recreation, substituting it for leisure pastimes such as socialization, hobbies, sports, and artistic and cultural pursuits. In this sense, work assumes the function of an addictive drug. Workaholics tend to postpone or omit meals, stay at work after others have gone home and even keep working until late at night, put in excessive amounts of overtime (sometimes failing to claim due compensation), and abuse nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, and other agents to assuage stress and withstand fatigue. The workaholic lifestyle is a common feature of various personality disorders, including a compulsion to achieve success, recognition, or advancement in one's chosen field of endeavor; a morbid absorption in the acquisition of wealth; and a need to immerse oneself in work as a distraction from the stresses or dissatisfactions of daily life. Some workaholic behavior is driven by family, social, or cultural expectations. Many workaholics manifest a compulsion to work even in childhood; some seem to be influenced by the example of a successful, driving parent, relative, family friend, or public figure. A workholic mentality may be engendered or fostered by an unduly demanding employer, or by one who makes overtime work either compulsory or highly rewarding as a means of limiting the total work force and thus curtailing the expense of fringe benefits. Long-term health effects of overwork include chronic fatigue, a decline in general health, increased incidence of illnesses and injuries, weight gain, increased use of tobacco and alcohol, deterioration of cognitive performance, emotional lability and depression, and increased mortality. In Japan, death from overwork (karoshi) is formally recognized as a compensable form of occupational disorder. Japanese courts have ruled that deaths from heart failure, stroke, and even suicide are examples of karoshi.

workaholic

(wûr′kə-hô′lĭk, -hŏl′ĭk)
n.
One who has a compulsive and unrelenting need to work.

work′a·hol′ism n.

work·a·hol·ic

(wŏrk'ă-hol'ik)
A person who manifests a compulsive need to work, even at the expense of family responsibilities, social life, and health.
[by analogy with alcoholic]

workaholic

A colloquial term for a person addicted to occupational or productive pursuits who has difficulty relaxing or enjoying familial, social, or leisure activities.
References in periodicals archive ?
In our study, the DUWAS was selected as an alternative measure of workaholism for comparison with the WART because of its widespread use throughout the work addiction literature and for having a similar concept and a translation to Portuguese.
Research companion to working time and work addiction (pp.
The work addiction literature includes different conceptual frameworks and typologies which are important to briefly review in attempting to explain whether a particular behavior pattern is or is not work addiction.
A structural and discriminate analysis of the Work Addiction Risk Test.
Given the high social acceptance and social encouragement of work addiction, the denial of its potential hazards to the self and the family, and the limited amount of empirical research on the topic, it seems crucial to further investigate the correlates of workaholism.
Although the term has been variously described and categorized, workaholism--which is used interchangeably with work addiction in this article--is defined as "an obsessive-compulsive disorder that manifests itself through self-imposed demands, an inability to regulate work habits, and an overindulgence in work to the exclusion of most other life activities" (Robinson, 1998a, p.
Workaholics themselves are a key contributor to the unhealthy family patterns resulting from work addiction for a number of reasons.
Culbertson stressed that engagement refers to positive work involvement rather than more negative forms of job involvement like workaholism and work addiction, which differ in their effects on home lives.
Organizational psychologists and other researchers look at work addiction within the context of social environments in which people work significantly longer hours than in others, hypothesizing that though work addiction is an individual characteristic, it may have roots in a broader social and societal environment.
Some people develop work addictions to create outlets for aggression or simply to increase their self-esteem.
Fiona stresses changing the workaholic's behaviour is possible but, because work addictions run deep, companies often find they have to bring in professionals to probe beneath the surface to have any lasting effect.